A Principle or a Strategy? Voter Identification Laws and Partisan Competition in the American States

  title={A Principle or a Strategy? Voter Identification Laws and Partisan Competition in the American States},
  author={William D. Hicks and Seth C. McKee and Mitchell Dylan Sellers and Daniel A. Smith},
  journal={Political Research Quarterly},
  pages={18 - 33}
We undertake a comprehensive examination of restrictive voter ID legislation in the American states from 2001 through 2012. With a dataset containing approximately one thousand introduced and nearly one hundred adopted voter ID laws, we evaluate the likelihood that a state legislature introduces a restrictive voter ID bill, as well as the likelihood that a state government adopts such a law. Voter ID laws have evolved from a valence issue into a partisan battle, where Republicans defend them as… Expand

Figures and Tables from this paper

The Determinants of State Legislator Support for Restrictive Voter ID Laws
We examine state legislator behavior on restrictive voter identification (ID) bills from 2005 to 2013. Partisan polarization of state lawmakers on voter ID laws is well known, but we know very littleExpand
Politics is local: State legislator voting on restrictive voter identification legislation
The marked increase in restrictive voter identification (ID) laws since the 2010 elections reveals the extreme partisan polarization in those state legislatures advancing this reform. Unlike previousExpand
Voter ID Laws: A View from the Public
The proliferation of voter identification laws in the American states has spawned a growing literature examining their effects on participation and the factors conditioning their enactment. In thisExpand
Judicial Partisanship in Voter Identification Litigation
Abstract Voter identification laws have exploded onto the state legislative scene over the last decade. Observers of this powerful movement correctly note its strongly partisan character. DemocratsExpand
Can Voter Identification Laws Increase Electoral Participation in the United States? Probably Not—A Simple Model of the Voting Market
Proponents of voter photographic identification (ID) laws in the United States have argued that such measures can increase overall voter turnout. The implications of this proposition contradictExpand
How Republicans Won on Voter Identification Laws: The Roles of Strategic Reasoning and Moral Conviction*
Objectives American political elites heatedly disagree over voter identification (ID) laws. Yet, the issue is not particularly polarizing at the mass level. Previous research mostly explores voterExpand
Voter Identification Laws and Their Effects on Voter Turnout
Voter identification (voter ID) requirements have become a salient political issue recently as more states have moved to implement increasingly strict voter ID requirements. I conjecture that,Expand
Ballot Challenge: Explaining Voting Rights Restrictions in 21st-Century America
Over the past decade, the United States has seen a wave of restrictive voting laws unprecedented since the passage of the Voting Rights Act in 1965. This project uses a survival analysis techniqueExpand
Controversy and Costs: Investigating the Consensus on American Voter ID Laws
Voter identification laws (VID) potentially affect who votes and who wins elections, making debates about them highly contentious among national elites and state legislatures. Yet the debate is farExpand
A Bipartisan Election Reform? Explaining Support for Online Voter Registration in the American States
Online voter registration (OVR) is an election reform that has recently taken hold in more than half of the American states. Election administration observers have marveled at both the rapidExpand


ID at the Polls : Assessing the Impact of Recent State Voter ID Laws on Voter Turnout
Last spring, in Crawford v. Marion County Election Board, the Supreme Court upheld Indiana’s law requiring voters to show picture identification in order to vote, but the Court divided four ways overExpand
Modeling Problems in the Voter Identification—Voter Turnout Debate
85 IN APRIL 2008, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld Indiana’s controversial voter identification (ID) law. Adopted in 2005, the law requires voters to show a current, government-issued photoExpand
The Empirical Effects of Voter-ID Laws: Present or Absent?
The effect of voter-identification (voter-ID) laws on turnout is a hot-button issue in contemporary American politics. In April of 2008, the U.S. Supreme Court affirmed Indiana's voter-ID law, theExpand
Jim Crow 2.0? Why States Consider and Adopt Restrictive Voter Access Policies
Recent years have seen a dramatic increase in state legislation likely to reduce access for some voters, including photo identification and proof of citizenship requirements, registrationExpand
The Foundations of Public Opinion on Voter ID Laws Political Predispositions, Racial Resentment, and Information Effects
Voter ID laws require individuals to show government-endorsed identification when casting their ballots on Election Day. Whereas some see these laws as necessary to prevent voting fraud, others argueExpand
The Disproportionate Impact of Voter-ID Requirements on the Electorate—New Evidence from Indiana
  • M. Barreto
  • PS: Political Science & Politics
  • 2009
On January 8, 2008, the United States Supreme Court heard arguments in Crawford v. Marion County Election Board, a case related to the discriminatory effects of voter-identification laws in the stateExpand
Understanding the Adoption of Voter Identification Laws in the American States
Recently, many states have reversed the decades-long trend of facilitating ballot access by enacting a wave of laws requesting or requiring identification from registrants before they vote.Expand
The voting wars : from Florida 2000 to the next election meltdown
In terms of the administration of elections, the 2000 presidential race was a watershed event. The dispute over the vote count in Florida, ultimately decided along with the presidency by the U.S.Expand
Much Ado About Nothing? An Empirical Assessment of the Georgia Voter Identification Statute
Voter identification (ID) policies, especially those of the photo ID variety, have been hotly contested over the last few years. The primary concern surrounding these statutes amounts to lowerExpand
The Historical Context of Voter Photo-ID Laws
  • C. Davidson
  • Political Science
  • PS: Political Science & Politics
  • 2009
The issue before the U.S. Supreme Court in the Crawford case (Crawford v. Marion County Election Bd. 2008) was whether a law (Indiana Senate Enrolled Act No. 483) passed by the Indiana legislatureExpand