A Primer on Binocular Rivalry, Including Current Controversies

  title={A Primer on Binocular Rivalry, Including Current Controversies},
  author={Randolph Blake},
  journal={Brain and Mind},
  • R. Blake
  • Published 1 April 2001
  • Psychology
  • Brain and Mind
Among psychologists and vision scientists,binocular rivalry has enjoyed sustainedinterest for decades dating back to the 19thcentury. In recent years, however, rivalry'saudience has expanded to includeneuroscientists who envision rivalry as a “tool” for exploring the neural concomitants ofconscious visual awareness and perceptualorganization. For rivalry's potential to berealized, workers using this “tool” need toknow details of this fascinating phenomenon,and providing those details is the… 
Binocular Rivalry: A Window into Cortical Competition and Suppression
The mechanisms of binocular rivalry are reviewed from a cognitive neuroscience perspective, focusing on empirical findings from two widely used methods—functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and electroencephalography (EEG).
1 Landmarks in the History of BinocularRivalry
Why, in recent years, have so many perceptual psychologists, cognitive neuroscientists, neurophysiologists, philosophers, and the occasional Nobel laureate gotten excited about binocular rivalry? Why
Binocular Rivalry between Complex Stimuli in Split-Brain Observers
It is found that rivalry occurs for complex stimuli in split-brain observers, and that it is similar in the two hemispheres, consistent with atheory that its mechanism is low in the visual system, at which each hemisphere conducts asimilar analysis of its half of visual space.
Binocular rivalry: competition and inhibition in visual perception.
  • D. Alais
  • Psychology
    Wiley interdisciplinary reviews. Cognitive science
  • 2012
This review covers the most widely studied form of bistable perception-binocular rivalry, which contains elements of competition as well as inhibition, as the percepts are mutually exclusive so that one is always suppressed.
Dichoptic Viewing Methods for Binocular Rivalry Research: Prospects for Large-Scale Clinical and Genetic Studies
This review compares different display methods for BR research across several factors, including viewing parameters, image quality, equipment cost, compatibility with other investigative methods, subject group, and sample size, with a focus on requirements specific to large-scale clinical and genetic studies.
The effects of motion on binocular rivalry between simple and complex images
The term binocular rivalry refers the perceptual alternations that occur when a different image is presented to each eye. There is an ongoing debate as to whether competition between two eyes or the
Binocular rivalry from luminance and contrast
The Role of Temporally Coarse Form Processing during Binocular Rivalry
It is demonstrated that binocular conflict resolution depends on temporally coarse form-based processing, possibly originating in the ventral visual pathway, and systematically comparing the role of form and motion reveals that this temporal limit is determined by form conflict rather than motion conflict.


Psychophysical evidence for area V2 involvement in the reduction of subjective contour tilt aftereffects by binocular rivalry.
Experiments reported here confirm and provide evidence which suggests binocular rivalry arises through interactions between binocular neurones, rather than via some type of specialized Binocular rivalry mechanism.
Binocular Rivalry and Visual Awareness: The Role of Attention
It is found that a dominant image is less likely to be suppressed when voluntary attention is directed to it, and a rivalry stimulus is more likely to become dominant if accompanied by a pop-out cue (in the same eye and proximity).
Neural correlates of perceptual rivalry in the human brain.
The results suggest that frontoparietal areas play a central role in conscious perception, biasing the content of visual awareness toward abstract internal representations of visual scenes, rather than simply toward space.
A neural theory of binocular rivalry.
  • R. Blake
  • Biology, Psychology
    Psychological review
  • 1989
This article develops a neural theory of binocular rivalry that treats the phenomenon as the default outcome when binocular correspondence cannot be established, and posits the existence of monocular and binocular neurons arrayed within a functional processing module.
Rival ideas about binocular rivalry
When the brain changes its mind: interocular grouping during binocular rivalry.
It is found that pattern coherency in itself can drive perceptual alternations, and the patchworks are reassembled into coherent forms by most observers.
Binocular rivalry : Central or peripheral selective processes?
Perceptual experience is thereby shown to reflect processes over and above the analysis of sensory information, and binocular rivalry suggests itself as a useful context in which to isolate and investigate these processes.
What is rivalling during binocular rivalry?
This work tested the effect of rapidly alternating the rival stimuli between the two eyes, and found that neural representations of the two stimuli compete for visual awareness independently of the eye through which they reach the higher visual areas.
Adaptation to invisible gratings and the site of binocular rivalry suppression
By incorporating two separate phenomena, binocular rivalry and visual aftereffects, into one paradigm, another technique for inferential analysis of the stages leading to vision is described, which indicates the sequence of stages underlying both phenomena.
The subliminal perception of movement and the 'suppression' in binocular rivalry.
  • P. Walker
  • Psychology
    British journal of psychology
  • 1975
It is demonstrated that the temporal course of rivalry is sensitive to the presence of a subliminal moving stimulus within the currently suppressed field, and this interpretation is consistent with the hypothesis that, despite phenomenal suppression, a full analysis is undertaken on the currently non-dominant stimulus.