A Practical Overview of De-Escalation Skills in Law Enforcement: Helping Individuals in Crisis While Reducing Police Liability and Injury

  title={A Practical Overview of De-Escalation Skills in Law Enforcement: Helping Individuals in Crisis While Reducing Police Liability and Injury},
  author={Janet R. Oliva and Rhiannon Morgan and Michael T. Compton},
  journal={Journal of Police Crisis Negotiations},
  pages={15 - 29}
Basic de-escalation skills training, such as that included in the Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) training curriculum, is a law enforcement training experience designed to equip police officers with knowledge and skills that enable them to initiate specific actions to de-escalate a crisis situation. This type of training involves the acquisition of effective communication and active listening skills, as well as other de-escalation techniques, in addition to role-playing, which involves the… 
Law enforcement agencies’ approach to de-escalation: Incorporating a social services perspective
In this critical review and social innovation narrative, we analyze the literature regarding Canadian law enforcement agencies’ approach to de-escalation and crisis intervention. Using an
Reducing the Use of Force: De-escalation Training for Police Officers
Abstract : The use of force by police officers has captured the attention of society. Allegations of inappropriate or misapplied force happen with regularity. This thesis conducted a survey of the
Recommendations for Examining Police Deescalation and use of Force Training, Policies, and Outcomes
Demands for police reforms to address racial injustice and excessive force have increased since the release of a video showing George Floyd dying as a result of police brutality. A promising
De-Escalation Training Receptivity and First-Line Police Supervision: Findings from the Louisville Metro Police Study
Despite calls for police reform that include changes to use of force training and field supervision, evidence regarding their impact is sorely lacking. This study examines survey data collected from
Changes in Student Definition of De-Escalation in Professional Peace Officer Education
Since the release of the 21st century policing report in the United States, the techniques of de-escalation have received a lot of attention and focus in political systems, policy changes, and the
Developing Community Co-designed Scenario-Based Training for Police Mental Health Crisis Response: a Relational Policing Approach to De-escalation
Using the current empirical landscape of police responses to people in mental health crisis as a backdrop, this methods paper makes an argument for the central role of collaborative co-design and
Conflict De-Escalation: Workplace Training
This paper considers the use of de-escalation techniques to manage aggressive behaviours such as challenging behaviours, behaviours of concern, verbal abuse, threats and threatening behaviours, and
CIT Training: recommendations for effective implementation of policies and procedures
Identifying what factors are associated with effective CIT for police officers will improve implementation of effective policy and procedures related to a system wide approach for responding to mentally ill subjects in crisis.
Do Crisis Intervention Teams Reduce Arrests and Improve Officer Safety? A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Findings of a systematic review and meta-analysis of the Crisis Intervention Team reveal null effects of CITs on arrests of persons with mental illness and on police officer safety, but do not suggest that CIT programs should be discontinued.
Policing mental health: The composition and perceived challenges of Co-response Teams and Crisis Intervention Teams in the Canadian context
ABSTRACT Due to an increase in interactions between the police and persons with perceived mental illness (PwPMI), police services have begun deploying specialized crisis responses to more adequately


A comprehensive review of extant research on Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) programs.
It is sought in this review to provide a systematic summary of the very limited available research that has been conducted on CIT to date and to comment on future avenues for research.
A statewide Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) initiative: evolution of the Georgia CIT program.
An overview of the evolution of the Georgia Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) program is provided, including discussions of the historical context in which the program developed, the program's vision, mission, and objectives, and the importance of the multidisciplinary Georgia CIT Advisory Board.
Police Crisis Intervention
Abstract We seem to be experiencing a spate of school killings. Until recently, the Post Office was the venue for such senseless killings. A printing plant in Louisville, Kentucky experienced this
Taking Charge: Crisis Intervention in Criminal Justice
Preface Introduction An Integrated Approach to Crisis Intervention Defining and Identifying Crisis Communication in Crisis Situations Crisis Intervention: Theory and Practice Crisis Intervention with
The Police in America: An Introduction
July). Memphis, Tennessee, Police Department’s Crisis Intervention Team (Bureau of Justice Assistance Report No. NCJ 182501)
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