A Positive Model of Private Charity and Public Transfers

@article{Roberts1984APM,
  title={A Positive Model of Private Charity and Public Transfers},
  author={Russell D. Roberts},
  journal={Journal of Political Economy},
  year={1984},
  volume={92},
  pages={136 - 148}
}
  • R. Roberts
  • Published 1 February 1984
  • Economics
  • Journal of Political Economy
This paper explores a model where private charity and public transfers are determined simultaneously. In political equilibrium, the government "overprovides" public transfers, transferring more to the poor than altruistic taxpayers prefer. At this equilibrium, private charity is zero. Evidence for this result is found by examining various types of data from the 1920s to the present. While private charity currently exceeds $50 billion, very little of it goes to the poor. I provide evidence that… 
Charitable Giving as a Mixed Public/Private Good: Implications for Tax Policy
This is an analysis of the effect of tax changes on charitable giving in a model in which donors possess both private and public good motivations. In Nash equilibrium, donors respond both to changes
Altruism, the Samaritan's Dilemma, and Government Transfer Policy
This paper shows that altruism provides an efficiency rationale for public provision of insurance to the poor. The framework is one in which there are rich altruists and risk-averse poor who face
Private Philanthropy and the Economics of Public Radio
Public radio in the United States receives both direct and indirect government funding. Direct subsidies come in the form of lump-sum and matching grants, while indirect subsidies proceed from tax
Private Philanthropy and the Economics of Public Radio
Public radio in the United States receives both direct and indirect government funding. Direct subsidies come in the form of lump-sum and matching grants, while indirect subsidies proceed from tax
Toward a Theory of Charitable Fundraising
Private providers of public goods, such as charities, invariably enlist a fundraiser to organize and collect contributions. Common in charitable fundraising during capital campaigns is seed money,
Motives for Private Income Transfers
  • Donald Cox
  • Economics
    Journal of Political Economy
  • 1987
Private income transfers are becoming increasingly recognized as a key aspect of the U.S. economy. The majority of private income transfers occur inter vivos (i.e., between living persons), but very
Private and Pareto Efficient Public Transfers
Private transfers are a market mechanism that changes the inequality in the distribution of income. Should the government increase or reduce the size of Pareto efficient public transfers after
The supply of charity services by nonprofit hospitals: motives and market structure.
TLDR
Extending the model to include impure altruism (rivalry) provides a possible explanation for the previously reported empirical result that both crowding out and income effects on indigent care supply are often weak or insignificant.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 18 REFERENCES
The ‘crowding-out’ effect of governmental transfers on private charitable contributions
Concluding RemarksThe above analysis provides support for the proposition that governmental social-welfare transfers have actually served to attenuate private charitable giving. Our finding of
A Theory of Competition Among Pressure Groups for Political Influence
This paper presents a theory of competition among pressure groups for political influence. Political equilibrium depends on the efficiency of each group in producing pressure, the effect of
Toward a More General Theory of Regulation
  • S. Peltzman
  • Economics
    The Journal of Law and Economics
  • 1976
In previous literature, George Stigler asserts a law of diminishing returns to group size in politics: Beyond some point it becomes counterproductive to dilute the per capita transfer. Since the
Fifty Years of Public Support of Welfare Functions in the United States
WELFARE was not regarded as one of the important functions of government in this country fifty years ago. William Graham Sumner's philosophy that "poverty is the best policy" was widely accepted.'
Growth of Government
...
...