• Corpus ID: 18863600

A Phonetically-Based Model of Phonological Vowel Reduction

  title={A Phonetically-Based Model of Phonological Vowel Reduction},
  author={Edward Flemming},
This paper proposes an analysis of phonological vowel reduction according to which vowel contrasts are subject to neutralization in unstressed syllables because it is more difficult to keep vowels distinct where vowel duration is shorter. Where the durational difference between stressed and unstressed vowels is large enough, it may not be possible to realize the same number of vowel contrasts in stressed and unstressed syllables while keeping the unstressed vowels adequately distinct, in which… 

Acoustic and articulatory manifestations of vowel reduction in German

Recent phonological approaches incorporate phonetic principles in the motivation of phonological regularities, e.g. vowel reduction and neutralization in unstressed position by target undershoot. So

Low Vowel Raising in Sinitic Languages: Assimilation, Reduction, or Both?

It is shown that LVR in Sinitic languages is a genuine process of grammar because low-level phonetic coarticulatory effects alone cannot account for crosslinguistic/ dialectal variation.

Contrast enhancement as motivation for closed syllable laxing and open syllable tensing

This paper proposes that closed syllable laxing and open syllable tensing of non-low vowels are motivated by conflicting strategies of contrast enhancement in vowel–consonant sequences. Laxing

Vowel and Consonant Lessening: A Study of Articulating Reductions and Their Relations to Genders.

This study explains how English emerging as a global language can be adapted and fluently articulated by Taiwanese by investigating Taiwanese university students’ phonological lessening systems.

Phonetics of Tongan stress

In this study, we determine the acoustic correlates of primary and secondary stress in Tongan. Vowels with primary stress show differences in f0, intensity, duration, F1, and spectral measures

Contrast enhancement motivates closed-syllable laxing and open-syllable tensing *

Many languages avoid tense vowels before word-final and preobstruent consonants through vowel laxing and avoid lax vowels word-finally and before prevocalic consonants through vowel tensing. This

Phonetics and Phonology in Russian Unstressed Vowel Reduction : A Study in

Unstressed vowel reduction figures centrally in recent literature on the phonetics-phonology interface, in part owing to the possibility of a causal relationship between a phonetic process,

Do Isolated Vowels Represent Vowel Targets in French? An Acoustic Study On Coarticulation

Coarticulatory effects of labial, dental, palato-velar and uvular places of articulation on vowel targets of ten French oral vowels /i, e, ɛ, a, u, o, ɔ, y, o, œ/ were examined. The average vowel

Assessing the Representation of Phonological Rules by a Production Study of Non-Words in Coratino

Testing how phonological regularities are transferred to non-words in Coratino suggests that both formal rules and distributional principles contribute to the encoding of Cor atino phonology in the speaker’s mind.

Patterns of vowel reduction in Latin: phonetics and phonology

This paper focuses on phonetic and phonological details of vowel reduction in Latin both diachronically and synchronically. True, the reality of phonetics and phonology in dead languages is often



Adaptive Dispersion Theory and Phonological Vowel Reduction in Russian

Presenting acoustic data from 9 speakers of Russian, Euclidean distance measures, measures of F1-F0 and F2-F1, and Bayesian classification are used to provide a picture of how the overall vowel space, as well as the distribution of vowels, change as stress is reduced.

Targetless Schwa: Is That How We Get the Impression of Stress-timing in English?

1 Is vowel reduction centralization or contextual assimilation? Vowel reduction has traditionally been considered as centralization. A tube modelling a centralized connguration of an average sized

What's in a schwa? Durational and spectral analysis of natural continuous speech and diphones in Dutch

Although the schwa sound is by far the most frequent vowel in Dutch, it has up to now been phonetically the most neglected. We used an existing database of vowel sounds from focus words in

What’s in a Schwa?

Abstract Although the schwa sound is by far the most frequent vowel in Dutch, it has up to now been phonetically the most neglected. We used an existing database of vowel sounds from focus words in

Central representation of vowel duration

For all languages for which there are data, the durations of vowels (of the same category) vary directly with the degree of tongue and mandible excursion specific to their articulation. This fact

Interaction between duration, context, and speaking style in English stressed vowels

Acoustic observations are reported for English front vowels embedded in a /w—l/ frame and carrying constant main stress. The vowels were produced by five speakers in clear and citation‐form styles at

Formant movements of Dutch vowels in a text, read at normal and fast rate.

  • R. van SonL. Pols
  • Physics, Linguistics
    The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
  • 1992
The present project investigated the extent to which the first and second formant tracks of eight Dutch vowels varied under the two different speaking rate conditions, indicating a much more active adaptation to speaking rate than implied by the target undershoot model.

An acoustic study of Kabardian vowels

The results of a spectrographic study of the Kabardian vowel system confirm reports in the literature that phonetic vowel quality in Kabardian is determined by the preceding consonant. The data

Spectrographic Study of Vowel Reduction

Measurements of formant frequencies and duration are reported for 8 Swedish vowels uttered by a male talker in three consonantal environments under varying timing conditions. An exponential function

Formant frequencies of Dutch vowels in a text, read at normal and fast rate

Speaking rate is thought to affect the spectral features of vowels. Target‐undershoot models of vowel production predict more spectral reduction and coarticulation of vowels in fast‐rate speech than