A Number Theoretic Interpolation Between Quantum and Classical Complexity Classes

Abstract

We reveal a natural algebraic problem whose complexity appears to interpolate between the well-known complexity classes BQP and NP: ⋆ Decide whether a univariate polynomial with exactly m monomial terms has a p-adic rational root. In particular, we show that while (⋆) is doable in quantum randomized polynomial time when m=2 (and no classical randomized… (More)

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