A Novel Class of Positive Allosteric Modulators of Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor Subtype 1 Interact with a Site Distinct from That of Negative Allosteric Modulators

@article{Hemstapat2006ANC,
  title={A Novel Class of Positive Allosteric Modulators of Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor Subtype 1 Interact with a Site Distinct from That of Negative Allosteric Modulators},
  author={Kamondanai Hemstapat and Tomas de Paulis and Yelin Chen and Ashley E. Brady and Vandana K. Grover and David Alagille and Gilles Tamagnan and P. Jeffrey Conn},
  journal={Molecular Pharmacology},
  year={2006},
  volume={70},
  pages={616 - 626}
}
We recently reported a novel class of compounds, represented by 3-cyano-N-(1,3-diphenyl-1H-pyrazol-5-yl)benzamide (CD-PPB), that act as positive allosteric modulators (potentiators) of metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) subtype 5. Studies of CDPPB analogs revealed that some compounds in this series serve also as positive allosteric modulators of mGluR1. Although CDPPB is selective for mGluR5 relative to other mGluR subtypes, several CDPPB analogs also showed 2.5-fold potentiation of… 
Interaction of Novel Positive Allosteric Modulators of Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor 5 with the Negative Allosteric Antagonist Site Is Required for Potentiation of Receptor Responses
Exciting advances have been made in the discovery of selective positive allosteric modulators of the metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) mGluR5. These compounds may provide a novel approach that
A Novel Family of Potent Negative Allosteric Modulators of Group II Metabotropic Glutamate Receptors
TLDR
Synthesis and characterization of a novel family of derivatives of dihydrobenzo[1,4]diazepin-2-one that are selective negative allosteric modulators for group II mGluRs are reported, suggesting that these two positive allosterics modulators of mGLUR2 may share a common binding site and that this site may be distinct from the binding site for the new negativeAllostericModulators of group IIMgluRs.
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Both electrophysiological and in vivo studies indicate the mGlu1 ago- PAMs/PAMs do not possess the same epileptiform adverse effect liability as mGLU5 ago-PAMS/Pams and maintain temporal activity suggesting a broader therapeutic window.
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TLDR
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Extracellular Calcium Modulates Actions of Orthosteric and Allosteric Ligands on Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor 1α*
TLDR
The present study shows that the previously predicted Ca2+-binding site in the hinge region of mGluR1α is adjacent to the site where orthosteric agonists and antagonists bind on the extracellular domain of the receptor, which modulates not only glutamate-evoked signaling but also the actions of both Orthosteric ligands and allosteric modulators on mGLUR1 α.
“Selective” Class C G Protein-Coupled Receptor Modulators Are Neutral or Biased mGlu5 Allosteric Ligands
TLDR
It is found that for many class C GPCR allosteric modulators, subtype selectivity is driven by cooperativity and misinterpreted owing to unappreciated bias.
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