A Note on the Higher Phylogeny of Austronesian

@article{Winter2010ANO,
  title={A Note on the Higher Phylogeny of Austronesian},
  author={Bodo Winter},
  journal={Oceanic Linguistics},
  year={2010},
  volume={49},
  pages={282 - 287}
}
  • Bodo Winter
  • Published 1 June 2010
  • Linguistics
  • Oceanic Linguistics
This paper presents a critique of Sagart's (2004) classification of the Formosan languages. Sagart proposes a subgrouping based on a set of innovations in the numeral systems of the Formosan languages. These innovations entail that the higher phylogeny of Austronesian is much more hierarchical than in other subgrouping accounts (e.g., Blust 1999, Ross 2009). According to Sagart, the innovated numeral forms can be derived from the complex numerals of the Formosan language Pazeh. A number of… 

Tables from this paper

THE HIGHER PHYLOGENY OF AUSTRONESIAN AND THE POSITION OF TAI-KADAI: ANOTHER LOOK1

Sagart (2004) introduced a radical new view of the higher-level branching of Austronesian languages that has been challenged by others, but that he has continued to maintain and develop over the

Some Recent Proposals Concerning the Classification of the Austronesian Languages

The comparative method is a relatively well-defined tool that has been employed successfully in the classification of languages for two centuries. In recent years, there have been several proposals

The Higher Phylogeny of Austronesian: A Response to Winter

TLDR
This paper is a response to criticism by Winter in an earlier issue of Sagart’s discussion of the higher phylogeny of Austronesian and claims that the only realistic explanation of the nesting of six related isoglosses is a sequence of innovations.

Is Puyuma a Primary Branch of Austronesian?: A Reply to Sagart

Ross (2009) proposes the Nuclear Austronesian hypothesis, according to which the Formosan languages Puyuma, Rukai, and Tsou are each probably a primary branch of Austronesian and all Austronesian

Is Puyuma a Primary Branch of Austronesian?: A Rejoinder

This paper responds to recent criticism by Teng and Ross of a critique by Sagart of Ross’s claim, based on Teng’s grammar of Puyuma, that Puyuma has escaped the mechanism reinterpreting

In defense of Nuclear Austronesian (and against Tsouic)

Ross (2009) proposed the Nuclear Austronesian hypothesis, whereby Puyuma, Tsou and Rukai are each single-member first-order subgroups of Austronesian and all other Austronesian languages belong to a

Is Puyuma a Primary Branch of Austronesian?

Malcom Ross's new theory of early Austronesian phylogeny is examined. I describe evidence that *-en served to mark verbs in undergoer voice, patient subject, in a language ancestral to Puyuma, as

The Trans-Himalayan phylum and its implications for population

The world’s second most populous language family straddles the Himalayas along the northern and southern flanks. The Trans-Himalayan language phylum has been known by various names since it was first

Reconstruction of '2' in PAN and Related Issues *

TLDR
It is shown that in the Formosan languages, there is a dichotomy between two sets of numeral forms, i.e. free vs. bound numerals; both sets must be reconstructed in PAN and that the core meaning of Careduplication is iterativity but has extended into marking plurality.

East Asian Ethnolinguistic Phylogeography

TLDR
The Father Tongue correlation in population genetics, the evidence for refugia during the Last Glacial Maximum and the hypothesis of language families having arisen as the result of demographic bottlenecks in prehistory are shown to be crucial to an understanding of the ethnogenesis of East Asian linguistic phyla.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 25 REFERENCES

The Higher Phylogeny of Austronesian and the Position of Tai-Kadai

TLDR
In the proposed phylogeny, Malayo-Polynesian is a branch of Muic, a taxon that also includes NE Formosan (Kavalan plus Ketagalan), and further evidence that the Tai-Kadai languages, contrary to common sense, are a subgroup of Austronesian is presented.

Proto Austronesian verbal morphology: A reappraisal

In this paper I suggest that the system of verbal morphology hitherto reconstructed for Proto Austronesian (PAn) did not yet exist in PAn. Instead, the PAn system more closely resembled the pre-PAn

Austronesian historical linguistics and culture history : a festschrift for Robert Blust

This book brings together new work on Austronesian historical linguistics and culture history to honour Robert Blust. The memoirs in Part 1 reflect on Blust’s groundbreaking contributions to these

SOME REMARKS ON THE LINGUISTIC POSITION OF THAO

Over the past two decades, much progress has been made in the study of the aboriginal languages of Taiwan. Despite these advances, many of the fifteen surviving languages remain inadequately

Remote Melanesia: One History or Two? An Addendum to Donohue and Denham

Blust (2005) proposed that certain typological traits in the Austronesian languages of Vanuatu and New Caledonia—here called “Remote Melanesia”—suggest Papuan contact influence in situ. Given the

Disyllabic attractors and anti-antigemination in Austronesian sound change*

An overview of the historical phonology of the Austronesian languages shows certain recurrent patterns of change that resemble the synchronic notion of a conspiracy. Over 90% of all lexical bases in

At sixes and sevens: the development of numeral systems in Vanuatu and New Caledonia

In a review of Lynch, Ross and Crowley’s (2002) The Oceanic languages , Robert Blust went on a self-confessed ‘major digression’ (2005:5 56). He directed attention to ‘Vanuatu and southern Melanesia

The Typology of Number Borrowing in Berber

TLDR
A typology of numeral borrowing in Arabic-Berber contact is set up, showing how linguistic, social, and cognitive factors all affect the process of number borrowing and how synonymy may emerge as an unstable transitional stage in the adoption of a new system.

Towards Greater Accuracy in Lexicostatistic Dating

  • M. Swadesh
  • Linguistics
    International Journal of American Linguistics
  • 1955
1 Articles bearing on lexicostatistic theory and method: WALTER W. ARNDT, Germanic Dialect Evolution in Lexico-Statistic Time Perspective, University of North Carolina Doctoral Dissertation, 1955.

Loanword typology: Steps toward a systematic crosslinguistic study of lexical borrowability

This paper gives an overview of some of the general issues arising when one studies lexical borrowing across languages. It discusses the motivations and goals (Section 2), kinds of loanwords (Section