A Nonparametric Analysis of Black-White Differences in Intergenerational Income Mobility in the United States

@article{Bhattacharya2010ANA,
  title={A Nonparametric Analysis of Black-White Differences in Intergenerational Income Mobility in the United States},
  author={Debopam Bhattacharya and Bhashkar Mazumder},
  journal={Econometrics eJournal},
  year={2010}
}
This paper concerns the problem of inferring the effects of covariates on intergenerational income mobility, i.e. on the relationship between the incomes of parents and future earnings of their children. We focus on two different measures of mobility - (i) traditional transition probability of movement across income quantiles over generations and (ii) a new direct measure of upward mobility, viz. the probability that an adult child's relative position exceeds that of the parents. We estimate… 
Intergenerational Income Mobility: Counterfactual Distributions with a Continuous Treatment
A vast literature in labor economics documents the correlation between parents' income and their child’s income. This paper develops new methods to study the entire distribution of child's income
A Nonparametric Nonclassical Measurement Error Approach to Estimating Intergenerational Mobility Elasticities
Abstract This article provides a framework for estimating intergenerational mobility elasticities (IGEs) of children’s income with respect to parental income. We allow the IGEs to be heterogeneous,
Where is the Land of Opportunity? The Geography of Intergenerational Mobility in the United States
We use administrative records on the incomes of more than 40 million children and their parents to describe three features of intergenerational mobility in the United States. First, we characterize
Distributional Effects of a Continuous Treatment with an Application on Intergenerational Mobility
This paper considers the effect of a continuous treatment on the entire distribution of outcomes after adjusting for differences in the distribution of covariates across different levels of the
Nonlinear Approaches to Intergenerational Income Mobility allowing for Measurement Error
This paper considers nonlinear measures of intergenerational income mobility such as (i) the effect of parents’ permanent income on the entire distribution of child’s permanent income, (ii)
Understanding intergenerational economic mobility by decomposing joint distributions
We propose a simple and generalizable decomposition method to evaluate intergenerational economic mobility. The method decomposes the difference between the empirical parent-offspring joint
Two‐Sample Nonparametric Estimation of Intergenerational Income Mobility in the United States and Sweden
We estimate intergenerational income mobility in the US and Sweden, using a new nonparametric approach. The approach addresses several empirical issues raised in the literature and applies when other
Parental Wealth and the Black–White Mobility Gap in the U.S
Utilizing longitudinal data from the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID), this paper examines the relationship between parental wealth and intergenerational income mobility for black and white
Estimating Intergenerational Mobility with Coarse Data : A Nonparametric Approach ∗
TLDR
It is shown that rank persistence has declined at the very top of the education distribution, and that the gap between marginalized groups and the general population appears to be shrinking.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 53 REFERENCES
An Equilibrium Theory of the Distribution of Income and Intergenerational Mobility
The theory of inequality and intergenerational mobility presented in this essay assumes that each family maximizes a utility function spanning several generations. Utility depends on the consumption
Intergenerational Income Mobility in the United States
Social scientists and policy analysts have long expressed concern about the extent of intergenerational income mobility in the United States, but remarkably little empirical evidence is available.
The age profile of mobility measures: an application to earnings in West Germany
This paper develops a technique for estimating age-profiles of earnings mobility using conditional kernel density estimation and establishes their statistical properties. Both pointwise and
Earnings Inequality and Mobility in the United States: Evidence from Social Security Data Since 1937
This paper uses Social Security Administration longitudinal earnings micro data since 1937 to analyze the evolution of inequality and mobility in the United States. Annual earnings inequality is
Trends in Intergenerational Income Mobility
Previous studies of recent U.S. trends in intergenerational income mobility have produced widely varying results, partly because of large sampling errors. By making more efficient use of the
The effects of measurement error and omitted variables when using transition matrices to measure intergenerational mobility
This paper examines the consequences of specification error when transition matrices are used to analyse patterns of intergenerational mobility. We show that classical measurement error in both the
Inference on inequality from household survey data
The Dynamics of Educational Attainment for Black, Hispanic, and White Males
This paper estimates a dynamic model of schooling attainment to investigate the sources of racial and ethnic disparity in college attendance. Parental income in the child’s adolescent years is a
Racial Inequality in the 21st Century: The Declining Significance of Discrimination
There are large and important differences between blacks and whites in nearly every facet of life - earnings, unemployment, incarceration, health, and so on. This chapter contains three themes.
Recent Developments in Intergenerational Mobility
...
...