A Noncrystallization Approach toward Uniform Thylakoids-like 2D "Nano-coins" and Their Grana-like 3D Suprastructures.

Two-dimensional (2D) circular shape nanostructures (e.g., "nano-coins") are ubiquitously present in thylakoids and grana within chloroplasts of plant cells in nature. The design and fabrication of 2D nano-coins with controlled sizes and thicknesses yet remain challenging tasks. Herein, we present a noncrystallization approach to achieve 2D nano-coins from… CONTINUE READING