A New Theory of Magnetic Storms.

  title={A New Theory of Magnetic Storms.},
  author={Sydney Chapman and Vincenzo Consolato Antonio Ferraro},
AN attempt to infer the course of events when a neutral ionised stream of particles from the sun is directed towards the earth has now led to results which we believe indicate how magnetic storms are produced. A full discussion of the phenomena involves the solution of numerous intricate mathematical problems, many of which have not yet been attacked in detail; but it seems possible to outline the main sequence of events. 
The Solar Wind
Evidence for the sun's emission of a constant charged particle stream is reviewed. Auroral displays, magnetic storms, cosmic-radiation decrease during sunspot activity and Alfven's theory, and the
The consequences of an electric field of broad scale across the magnetosphere are outlined. Such an electric field can be induced by the motion of sclar streams past the geomagnetic field, and this
Dynamics of the geomagnetic storm
This paper is intended as a critical review of current ideas concerning the mechanisms responsible for the geomagnetic storm.The dynamical theory of the geomagnetic storm phenomenon is formulated as
A Review of Studies of Geomagnetic Storms and Auroral/Magnetospheric Substorms Based on the Electric Current Approach
  • S. Akasofu
  • Physics
    Frontiers in Astronomy and Space Sciences
  • 2021
The progress of space physics is reviewed from my personal point of view, particularly how I have reached my present understanding of auroral substorms and geomagnetic storms from the time of the
The response of the magnetosphere-ionosphere system to solar wind dynamic pressure variations
We study the causal chain of events by which variations in the solar wind dynamic pressure cause the magnetopause boundary to move and excite magnetic perturbations at the ground. The observation of
Effect of Magnetic Disturbances on the Equatorial Ionospheric Jet Current
THE existence of an anomalously large diurnal variation of the horizontal components of the Earth's magnetic field near the equator was first noticed at Huancayo1. Later, to explain this, Egedal2,3
Current understanding of magnetic storms: storm-substorm relationships
This paper attempts to summarize the current understanding of the storm/substorm relationship by clearing up a considerable amount of controversy and by addressing the question of how solar wind
The Sun-Saturn Connection
This chapter summarises the large-scale structure and average properties of the solar wind in the near-Saturn environment. An introduction to Saturn’s magnetosphere will follow, emphasising on its
The Solar Wind and Its Interaction with the Interstellar Medium
The solar wind is a magnetized plasma of ions and electrons which flows outward from the Sun. This chapter begins with a brief history of the discovery of the solar wind. Solar wind properties at 1
The importance of waves in space plasmas : Examples from the auroral region and the magnetopause
This thesis discusses the reasons for space exploration and space science. Space plasma physics is identified as an essential building block to understand the space environment and it is argued tha