A New Statistical Indicator to Study Nonlinear Gravitational Clustering and Structure Formation

Abstract

In an Ω = 1 universe dominated by nonrelativistic matter, velocity field and gravitational force field are proportional to each other in the linear regime. Neither of these quantities evolve in time and these can be scaled suitably so that the constant of proportionality is unity and velocity and force field are equal. The Zeldovich approximation extends this feature beyond the linear regime, until formation of pancakes. Nonlinear clustering which takes place after the breakdown of Zeldovich approximation, breaks this relation and the mismatch between these two vectors increases as the evolution proceeds. We suggest that the difference of these two vectors could form the basis for a powerful, new, statistical indicator of nonlinear clustering. We define an indicator called velocity contrast, study its behaviour using N-Body simulations and show that it can be used effectively to delineate the regions where nonlinear clustering has taken place. We discuss several features of this statistical indicator and provide simple analytic models to understand its behaviour. Particles with velocity contrast higher than a threshold have a correlation function which is biased with respect to the original sample. This bias factor is scale dependent and tends to unity

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Bagla1995ANS, title={A New Statistical Indicator to Study Nonlinear Gravitational Clustering and Structure Formation}, author={J . S . Bagla and Thanu Padmanabhan}, year={1995} }