A New Specimen of the Fossil Palaeognath Lithornis from the Lower Eocene of Denmark

@inproceedings{Leonard2005ANS,
  title={A New Specimen of the Fossil Palaeognath Lithornis from the Lower Eocene of Denmark},
  author={Leona M. Leonard and Gareth J. Dyke and Marcel van Tuinen},
  year={2005}
}
Abstract “Buy preparations?! [but] we have not enough money left to buy gunpowder”—comment of the British Prime Minister William Pitt during the Napoleonic Wars (recorded by Flower, 1898). The original holotype of Lithornis vulturinus was purchased by the British government in 1799 as part of a collection to “be maintained in its integrity to serve the education of the citizens”. Palaeognathous birds (Aves, Palaeognathae) are uncontroversially the most basal clade among modern birds (Neornithes… 

The Anatomy and Taxonomy of the Exquisitely Preserved Green River Formation (Early Eocene) Lithornithids (Aves) and the Relationships of Lithornithidae

It is concluded that there are only two lithornithid taxa in the Green River Formation after careful comparisons with the other known taxon from the same geological unit, Pseudocrypturus cercanaxius, and a monophyletic Lithornithidae is found as the sister taxon of Tinamidae at the base of Palaeognathae.

THE BIRDS FROM THE PALEOCENE FISSURE FILLING OF WALBECK (GERMANY)

  • G. Mayr
  • Biology, Environmental Science
  • 2007
All of the sufficiently well-preserved avian taxa belong to terrestrial forms, and by its species poorness the Walbeck avifauna sharply contrasts with the very diverse avifaunas known from the earliest Eocene of Europe.

A new Messel rail from the Early Eocene Fur Formation of Denmark (Aves, Messelornithidae)

An interesting aspect of its morphology is the presence of limb specializations such as the extensive ossification of tendons—well known among running birds—that suggest the new Danish fossil may have been a ground bird with cursorial habits, a condition that was also previously hypothesized as typical for other Messel rails.

Osteoglossomorphs of the marine Lower Eocene of Denmark – with remarks on other Eocene taxa and their importance for palaeobiogeography

  • N. Bonde
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • 2008
Abstract The geological, faunal and palaeoecological conditions of the marine deposits from lowermost Eocene in North Jutland are briefly reviewed as background for the descriptions of six species of

Twenty-first century advances in knowledge of the biology of moa (Aves: Dinornithiformes): a new morphological analysis and moa diagnoses revised

A phylogenetic analysis based on morphological characters using a broader range of taxa and many more characters than hitherto used in moa analyses resulted in several strongly supported relationships, including monophyletic and sister to aepyornithids in the unconstrained analysis.

Early Cretaceous (Berriasian) birds and pterosaurs from the Cornet bauxite mine, Romania

Re-examination of collections in Oradea confirms the presence of both birds and pterosaurs in the Cornet bauxite: although the fragmentary bird remains are mostly indeterminate, one record of a hesperornithiform is confirmed.

A lithornithid (Aves: Palaeognathae) from the Paleocene (Tiffanian) of southern California

The proximal end of a bird humerus recovered from the Paleocene Goler Formation of southern California is the oldest Cenozoic record of this clade from the west coast of North America. The fossil is

Higher-order phylogeny of modern birds (Theropoda, Aves: Neornithes) based on comparative anatomy. II. Analysis and discussion

A phylogenetic (cladistic) analysis of 150 taxa of Neornithes, including exemplars from all non-passeriform families, and subordinal representatives of Passeriformes, confirmed the topology among outgroup Theropoda and achieved robust resolution at virtually all levels of the NeornIthes.

The Evolution and Fossil Record of Palaeognathous Birds (Neornithes: Palaeognathae)

The extant diversity of the avian clade Palaeognathae is composed of the iconic flightless ratites (ostriches, rheas, kiwi, emus, and cassowaries), and the volant tinamous of Central and South

New Remains of Scandiavis mikkelseni Inform Avian Phylogenetic Relationships and Brain Evolution

X-ray computed tomography is used to present additional material of the previously described taxon Scandiavis mikkelseni and reassess its phylogenetic placement using a previously published dataset and provides novel insights into the osteological morphology and brain anatomy of ScandIAvis.

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