A New Salamandrid from the Miocene Randeck Maar, Germany

@inproceedings{Schoch2013ANS,
  title={A New Salamandrid from the Miocene Randeck Maar, Germany},
  author={Rainer R. Schoch and Michael W. Rasser},
  year={2013}
}
ABSTRACT A new species of salamandrid is named and described from the Miocene of Randeck Maar, a long-term volcanic lake deposit in southern Germany. Based on a fully articulated specimen, Ichthyosaura randeckensis is named and described as a 3–4 cm long newt with a robust posterolateral process of the frontal, a heavily ornamented skull roof, and a premaxilla with spike-like, parallel alary processes framing a slender fontanelle posteriorly. In a phylogenetic analysis of 14 salamandrid taxa… 
The salamandrid Chelotriton paradoxus from Enspel and Randeck Maars (Oligocene–Miocene, Germany)
TLDR
It is suggested that C. paradoxus probably led a predominantly aquatic life, and its trunk ribs bear extensive spikes (epipleural processes), with an elongated one on the 3rd rib.
An Extremely Peramorphic Newt (Urodela: Salamandridae: Pleurodelini) from the Latest Oligocene of Germany, and a New Phylogenetic Analysis of Extant and Extinct Salamandrids
TLDR
An Oligocene newt specimen from western Germany that has gone practically unnoticed in the literature despite having been housed in the Museum für Naturkunde (Berlin) for a century is described and neontologists working on salamandrids are urged to pay renewed attention to the skeleton, not limited to the skull, as a source of diagnostic and phylogenetically informative characters.
An updated paleontological timetree of lissamphibians, with comments on the anatomy of Jurassic crown-group salamanders (Urodela)
TLDR
The conclusion that the fossil record of Lissamphibia is dense enough to provide reliable calibration constraints for molecular divergence dating is upheld and some of the divergence dates the authors infer from the tree are up to 15 Ma younger than previously published.
A redescription and phylogenetic analysis based on new material of the fossil newts Taricha oligocenica Van Frank, 1955 and Taricha lindoei Naylor, 1979 (Amphibia, Salamandridae) from the Oligocene of Oregon
TLDR
The presence or absence of dorsally expanded, sculptured neural spine tables on trunk vertebrae, an important character in past descriptions of fossil salamandrids, appears to be either homoplastic within the Salamandridae, or requires an expansion of characters or character states.
The dissection of a Pleistocene refugium: phylogeography of the smooth newt, Lissotriton vulgaris, in the Balkans
TLDR
Dating revealed that very little, if any, pre-Pliocene genetic diversity has survived in Europe, despite an extensive fossil record for this species in the Miocene and Pliocene.
Reproducibility in phylogenetics: reevaluation of the largest published morphological data matrix for phylogenetic analysis of Paleozoic limbed vertebrates
TLDR
In its present state, even after changes, the matrix cannot provide a robust assessment of the phylogeny of early limbed vertebrates; sufficient improvement of this matrix will be laborious but not difficult.

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 86 REFERENCES
A new salamandrid amphibian from the Middle Miocene of Hungary and its phylogenetic relationships
TLDR
The available fossil record suggests that Carpathotriton never extended into the western Paratethys area, but might have had a wider distribution in the central and eastern Par atethys region, surviving up to late Astaracian times (MN 7 + 8).
Amphibia of Enspel (Late Oligocene, Germany)
Amphibia from the Late Oligocene (MP 28) locality Enspel, Germany are represented by two caudates: a hyperossified salamandrid Chelotriton paradoxus and an indeterminate salamandrid different from
A Molecular Phylogenetic Perspective on the Evolutionary Radiation of the Salamander Family Salamandridae
TLDR
Phylogenetic relationships were examined within the salamander family Salamandridae using 18 species representing 14 salamandrid genera and six outgroup taxa from the families Ambystomatidae, Dicamptodontidae, Plethodont families, and Proteidae to test hypotheses of adaptation in the evolution of aquatic suction feeding and terrestrial feeding featuring tongue protrusion.
A Bayesian approach on molecules and behavior: reconsidering phylogenetic and evolutionary patterns of the Salamandridae with emphasis on Triturus newts.
TLDR
The last common ancestor of Triturus existed around 64 million years ago while the root of the Salamandridae dates back to 95 mya, which was estimated using a fossil-based molecular dating approach and an explicit framework to select calibration points that least underestimated their corresponding nodes.
THE AMPHIBIAN TREE OF LIFE
TLDR
A new taxonomy of living amphibians is proposed to correct the deficiencies of the old one, based on the largest phylogenetic analysis of living Amphibia so far accomplished, and many subsidiary taxa are demonstrated to be nonmonophyletic.
A new ergotaxonomy of the family Salamandridae Goldfuss, 1820 (Amphibia, Urodela)
TLDR
This paper recognizes several new taxa at various ranks from subfamily to subspecies, and proposes a new comprehensive ergotaxonomy and nomenclature for the whole family of salamander family SALAMAMDRIDAE.
The Anatomy of the Salamander
TLDR
The easiest way of discovering the latest morphological, nomenclature and the most recent views on the homologies of anuran structures is to compare the relevant sections in the two books.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...