A New Readability Formula for Primary-Grade Reading Materials

@article{Spache1953ANR,
  title={A New Readability Formula for Primary-Grade Reading Materials},
  author={George Daniel Spache},
  journal={The Elementary School Journal},
  year={1953},
  volume={53},
  pages={410 - 413}
}
  • G. Spache
  • Published 1 March 1953
  • Education
  • The Elementary School Journal
IN RECENT YEARS there has been considerable interest in, and use of, formulas for judging the reading difficulty of printed materials. Most of this interest has dated from the offering in 1943 of the original Flesch formula (4). This formula and the later studies of Dale and Chall (3) have been used extensively in the evaluation of industrial communications, books, magazines, and government publications. A recent summary of articles and books dealing with readability studies lists over ninety… 
Is Sentence Length a Valid Measure of Difficulty in Readability Formulas
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A grade level of reading material is commonly estimated using one or more readability formulas, which purport to measure text difficulty based on specified text characteristics. However, there is
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In recent years, readability formulas have gained new prominence as a basis for selecting texts for learning and assessment. Variables that quantitative tools count (e.g., word frequency, sentence
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Readability formulas are used widely in education, and increasingly in business and government. Over 30 years of research on more than 200 readability formulas has demonstrated moderate to strong
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TEACHERS of the intermediate grades constantly are faced with the problem of finding reading material easy enough to be read and comprehended by retarded readers yet with content that will be of
Validation Study of Waray Text Readability Instrument
TLDR
To validate the Waray Text Readability Instrument (WTRI) formula, 15 stories were rated by 24 randomly selected teachers from two elementary schools in Tacloban City and there was no significant difference between the software’s grade level ratings and that of the teachers’, implying that the WTRI”s calculation is valid.
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References

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Marks of Readable Style
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  • Education
    Teachers College Record: The Voice of Scholarship in Education
  • 1944
THE problem of this study is the development of a technique to measure objectively the difficulty of books and articles for adult readers. This problem, or at least similar problems presented by
A FORMULA FOR PREDICTING READABILITY
EVERAL months ago the editor of the Wall Street Journal ran a full-page advertisement in one of the leading literary magazines, announcing two honors recently awarded to it. One of these honors was a
A Vocabulary Grade Placement Formula
A Comparison of Two Word Lists,
  • Educational Research Bulletin, X (December
  • 1931
of the Vocabulary of Children before Entering the First Grade
  • Washington: Distributed by the International Kindergarten Union,
  • 1928
Flesch Readability Reading List," Personnel Psychology, III (Autumn
  • 1950