A New Pleistocene Tree-Kangaroo (Diprotodontia: Macropodidae) From The Nullarbor Plain Of South-Central Australia

  title={A New Pleistocene Tree-Kangaroo (Diprotodontia: Macropodidae) From The Nullarbor Plain Of South-Central Australia},
  author={Gavin J. Prideaux and Natalie M. Warburton},
Abstract This paper describes a new tree-kangaroo of the extinct genus Bohra (B. illuminata sp. nov.). Its remains were collected from a diverse middle Pleistocene fauna preserved in caves recently discovered beneath the Nullarbor Plain of south-central Australia. The adult holotype and juvenile paratype are represented by associated cranial and postcranial material. They confirm that two previously known species, B. paulae and B. wilkinsonorum, which were described on the basis of disparate… 

Bohra nullarbora sp. nov., a second tree-kangaroo (Marsupialia: Macropodidae) from the Pleistocene of the Nullarbor Plain, Western Australia

Bohra nullarbora sp. nov. is described from a partial skeleton collected from a diverse Pleistocene vertebrate assemblage preserved in Leaena’s Breath Cave, Nullarbor Plain, Western Australia. It is

Functional pedal morphology of the extinct tree-kangaroo Bohra (Diprotodontia: Macropodidae)

Overall proportions of the calcaneum, talus, cuboid and metatarsals, as well as the morphology of their articular facets, suggest that the Bohra pes was specialised for enhanced mobility and flexibility, and thus well adapted to the functional demands of an arboreal environment.

Three terrestrial Pleistocene coucals (Centropus: Cuculidae) from southern Australia: biogeographical and ecological significance

The phylogenetic analysis indicates a possible close relationship between one of the Nullarbor species and extant Centropus violaceus from the Bismarck Archipelago, and the presence of three coucals in southern Australia markedly extends the geographical range of the genus from tropical Australia into southern temperate regions.

Taxonomic review of the late Cenozoic megapodes (Galliformes: Megapodiidae) of Australia

Diversity of brush-turkeys halved during the Quaternary, matching extinction rates of scrubfowl in the Pacific, and phylogenetic analysis places four extinct taxa in a derived clade with the extant Australo-Papuan brush-Turkeys Talegalla fuscirostris, L. ocellata, Alectura lathami and Aepypodius bruijnii.

An osteology‐based appraisal of the phylogeny and evolution of kangaroos and wallabies (Macropodidae: Marsupialia)

Osteological analysis revealed strong support for a plesiomorphic clade (Lagostrophinae subfam. nov.) containing Lagostrophus and Troposodon, which is likely to have originated in the early Miocene, likely to represent varying responses to the spread of drier, open habitats following the Miocene Climatic Optimum.

The skeleton of Congruus kitcheneri, a semiarboreal kangaroo from the Pleistocene of southern Australia

This work recognizes W. kitcheneri within the Pleistocene assemblages of the Thylacoleo Caves, south-central Australia, where it is represented by several cranial specimens and two near-complete skeletons, a probable male and female, and reallocate this species to the hitherto monotypic genus Congruus.

Functional morphology of the forelimb of living and extinct tree‐kangaroos (Marsupialia: Macropodidae)

The first detailed description of the functional anatomy of the forelimb, a central component of the locomotor complex, in the extant Dendrolagus lumholtzi is provided, and its structure and function is compared with representatives of other extant marsupial families.

Evolutionary Progression of the Iconic Australasian Kangaroos, Rat-Kangaroos, and their Fossil Relatives (Marsupialia: Macropodiformes)

The exceptionally diverse macropodiform’s (kangaroos, rat-kangaroos and their fossil allies) currently have a fossil record that spans from the late Oligocene to the Holocene with an Australasian w

A late Quaternary vertebrate deposit in Kudjal Yolgah Cave, south‐western Australia: refining regional late Pleistocene extinctions

We describe the stratigraphy and chronology of Kudjal Yolgah Cave in south‐western Australia, a late Quaternary deposit pre‐ and post‐dating regional human arrival and preserving fossils of extinct



A new Pliocene tree kangaroo species (Marsupialia, Macropodinae) from the Chinchilla Local Fauna, southeastern Queensland

This new taxon from Chinchilla has expanded the tree kangaroo record from the Pliocene of southeastern Australia, supporting the hypothesis that the group originated in the late Miocene of ‘mainland’ Australia, finding refuge in north-eastern Queensland and New Guinea as climate became drier in the Quaternary.

Systematics and Evolution of the Sthenurine Kangaroos

Compelling evidence suggests a paraphyletic origin for the Sthenurinae from within the late Oligocene to middle Miocene subfamily Bulungamayinae, and a new tribe (Simosthenurini) is raised to include the three short-faced genera: Archaeosimos gen. nov., Simosthenurus and Procoptodon.

An arid-adapted middle Pleistocene vertebrate fauna from south-central Australia

A diverse and exceptionally well preserved middle Pleistocene vertebrate assemblage from caves beneath the arid, treeless Nullarbor plain of south-central Australia, which implies substantially greater floristic diversity than that of the modern shrub steppe.

Phylogeny of the rock-wallabies, Petrogale (Marsupialia : Macropodidae) based on DNA/DNA hybridisation

The results support recent suggestions that Dendrolagus rather than Thylogaleis the sister taxon to Petrogale and could not resolve most relationships amongst the eastern Petrogales, except for a probable grouping of the species P. sharmani.

Tree-kangaroos of Australia and New Guinea

This book reviews the natural history and biology of tree-kangaroos from the time of their first discovery by Europeans in the jungles of West Papua in 1826 right up to the present day, covering the latest research being conducted in Australian and New Guinea.

Carpal evolution in diprotodontian marsupials

Two terrestrial clades, vombatiforms and macropodids, differ from the arboreal possums in similar aspects, indicating that carpal diversity might be related to function.

Tirari formation and contained faunas, Pliocene of the Lake Eyre basin, South Australia

First recognized at Lake Palankarinna, south-eastern Lake Eyre Basin, South Australia, the Tirari Formation has subsequently been traced northward to outcrops along the lower Warburton River.

The postcranial skeleton of the Miocene kangaroo, Hadronomas puckridgi Woodburne (Marsupialia, Macropodidae)

Hadronomas was a large kangaroo similar in size to Simosthenurus occidentalis in possessing ligamentous specialisations of the fourth proximal phalanx and upper and lower limb girdles resemble those of sthenurines in that the coracovertebral angle of the scapula is elevated and produced anteriorly in the form of a rectangular process.

An Ontogenetic Assessment of Dental Homologies in Therian Mammals

The continued accumulation of developmental data on the pattern of early budding and differentiation of deciduous tooth germs offers useful criteria for identifying tooth class homologies of highly modified teeth, in addition to their bony and occlusal relationships.

Ecological succession during the late Cainozoic of central eastern Queensland: Extinction of a diverse rainforest community

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