# A New Phase of Matter: Quark-Gluon Plasma Beyond the Hagedorn Critical Temperature

@inproceedings{Muller2015ANP,
title={A New Phase of Matter: Quark-Gluon Plasma Beyond the Hagedorn Critical Temperature},
author={B. Muller},
year={2015}
}
I retrace the developments from Hagedorn’s concept of a limiting temperature for hadronic matter to the discovery and characterization of the quark-gluon plasma as a new state of matter. My recollections begin with the transformation more than 30 years ago of Hagedorn’s original concept into its modern interpretation as the “critical” temperature separating the hadron gas and quarkgluon plasma phases of strongly interacting matter. This was followed by the realization that the QCD phase… Expand
1 Citations
Lattice Boltzmann study of the one-dimensional boost-invariant expansion with anisotropic initial conditions
• Physics
• 2019
A numerical algorithm for the implementation of anisotropic distributions in the frame of the relativistic Boltzmann equation is presented. The implementation relies on the expansion of theExpand

#### References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 47 REFERENCES
Experimental and theoretical challenges in the search for the quark-gluon plasma: The STAR Collaboration's critical assessment of the evidence from RHIC collisions
• Physics
• 2005
Abstract We review the most important experimental results from the first three years of nucleus–nucleus collision studies at RHIC, with emphasis on results from the STAR experiment, and we assessExpand
Evidence for QGP in Pb – Pb 158 A GeV collisions from strange particle abundances and the Coulomb effect
The hadronic particle production data from relativistic nuclear Pb–Pb 158 A GeV collisions are successfully described within the chemical non-equilibrium model, provided that the analysis does notExpand
Quark gluon plasma and color glass condensate at RHIC? The Perspective from the BRAHMS experiment
We review the main results obtained by the BRAHMS Collaboration on the properties of hot and dense hadronic and partonic matter produced in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions at RHIC. AExpand
Chemical equilibrium study in nucleus-nucleus collisions at relativistic energies
We present a detailed study of chemical freeze-out in nucleus-nucleus collisions at beam energies of $11.6A$, $30A$, $40A$, $80A$, and $158A\phantom{\rule{0.3em}{0ex}}\text{GeV}$. By analyzingExpand
QCD critical point: The race is on
A critical point in the phase diagram of quantum chromodynamics (QCD), if established either theoretically or experimentally, would be as profound a discovery as the good-old gas–liquid criticalExpand
Recent results on event-by-event fluctuations from the RHIC Beam Energy Scan program in the STAR experiment
Event-by-event fluctuations of global observables in relativistic heavy-ion collisions are studied as probes for the QCD phase transition and as tools to search for critical phenomena near the phaseExpand
200 A GeV Au + Au collisions serve a nearly perfect quark-gluon liquid.
• Physics, Medicine
• Physical review letters
• 2011
Coupling viscous fluid dynamics for the QGP with a microscopic transport model for hadronic freeze-out it is found that v2/ε is a universal function of multiplicity density that depends only on the viscosity but not on the model used for computing the initial fireball eccentricity ε. Expand
Additional strange hadrons from QCD thermodynamics and strangeness freezeout in heavy ion collisions.
It is shown that the thermodynamic presence of these additional states gets imprinted in the yields of the ground-state strange hadrons leading to a systematic 5-8 MeV decrease of the chemical freeze-out temperatures of ground- state strange baryons. Expand
The parton to hadron phase transition observed in Pb+Pb collisions at 158 GeV per nucleon
Abstract Hadronic yields and yield ratios observed in Pb+Pb collisions at the SPS energy of 158 GeV per nucleon are known to resemble a thermal equilibrium population at T =180±10 MeV, also observedExpand
Equation of state in ( 2+1 )-flavor QCD
We present results for the equation of state in ( 2 + 1 )-flavor QCD using the highly improved staggered quark action and lattices with temporal extent N τ = 6 , 8, 10, and 12. We show that theseExpand