A New Paradigm for Collision-free Hashing: Incrementality at Reduced Cost

Abstract

We present a simple, new paradigm for the design of collision-free hash functions. Any function emanating from this paradigm is incremental. (This means that if a message x which I have previously hashed is modi ed to x0 then rather than having to re-compute the hash of x 0 from scratch, I can quickly \update" the old hash value to the new one, in time proportional to the amount of modi cation made in x to get x.) Also any function emanating from this paradigm is parallelizable, useful for hardware implementation. We derive several speci c functions from our paradigm. All use a standard hash function, assumed ideal, and some algebraic operations. The rst function, MuHASH, uses one modular multiplication per block of the message, making it reasonably e cient, and signi cantly faster than previous incremental hash functions. Its security is proven, based on the hardness of the discrete logarithm problem. A second function, AdHASH, is even faster, using additions instead of multiplications, with security proven given either that approximation of the length of shortest lattice vectors is hard or that the weighted subset sum problem is hard. A third function, LtHASH, is a practical variant of recent lattice based functions, with security proven based, again on the hardness of shortest lattice vector approximation. Dept. of Computer Science & Engineering, University of California at San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, La Jolla, California 92093, USA. E-Mail: mihir@cs.ucsd.edu. URL: http://www-cse.ucsd.edu/users/mihir. Supported in part by NSF CAREER Award CCR-9624439 and a Packard Foundation Fellowship in Science and Engineering. yMIT Laboratory for Computer Science, 545 Technology Square, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. E-Mail: miccianc@theory.lcs.mit.edu. Supported in part by DARPA contract DABT63-96-C-0018.

DOI: 10.1007/3-540-69053-0_13
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@article{Bellare1997ANP, title={A New Paradigm for Collision-free Hashing: Incrementality at Reduced Cost}, author={Mihir Bellare and Daniele Micciancio}, journal={IACR Cryptology ePrint Archive}, year={1997}, volume={1997}, pages={1} }