A New PID Tuning Technique Using Ant Algorithm

Abstract

-In this paper, ant algorithm (AA) which is a new nature-inspired optimization technique, was used to tune a PID controller. In the tuning process, the following cost functions were employed: i) Integral Absolute Error (IAE), ii) Integral Squared Error (ISE), iii) a new proposed cost function called reference based error with minimum control effort (RBEMCE). The results obtained from ant algorithm PID tuning process were also compared with the results of Ziegler-Nichols (ZN), Internal Model Control (IMC) and Iterative Feedback Tuning (IFT) methods. The PID controllers optimized with ant algorithm and the new proposed cost function gives a performance that is at least as good as that of the PID tuning methods mentioned above. With our method, a faster settling time, less or no overshoot and higher robustness were achieved. Moreover, the new tuning process is successful in the presence of high noise.

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Varol2004ANP, title={A New PID Tuning Technique Using Ant Algorithm}, author={Huseyin Atakan Varol and Zafer Bingul}, year={2004} }