A New Method of Dental Microwear Analysis: Application to Extant Primates and Ouranopithecus macedoniensis (Late Miocene of Greece)

  title={A New Method of Dental Microwear Analysis: Application to Extant Primates and Ouranopithecus macedoniensis (Late Miocene of Greece)},
  author={Gildas Merceron and C{\'e}cile Blondel and Louis de Bonis and George D. Koufos and Laurent Viriot},
Abstract This study presents a new, reliable method of dental microwear analysis, which is applied to one of the largest published primate databases and to a Miocene hominoid, Ouranopithecus macedoniensis. Phase I and phase II molar facets were considered. A strict protocol during the molding and casting steps enabled the capture of sharp photographs using light stereomicroscopy. A semi-automatic method allows the quantification of the microwear features on digitized photographs. Inter-specific… 
Dental microwear analysis in Gliridae (Rodentia): methodological issues and paleodiet inferences based on Armantomys from the Madrid Basin (Spain)
In the present study we analyze the microwear of the species included in the lineage Armantomys aragonensis-A. tricristatus of two samples from two middle Miocene localities from the Madrid Basin (El
New records and diet reconstruction using dental microwear analysis for Neolicaphrium recens Frenguelli, 1921 (Litopterna, Proterotheriidae)
Neolicaphrium recens is the only survivor proterotherid in the Quaternary of South America, of which few fossil records from Argentina, Uruguay and probably Brazil are known. In this paper we
The bear necessities: A new dental microwear database for the interpretation of palaeodiet in fossil Ursidae
Dental microwear analysis of bovids from the Vallesian (late Miocene) of Axios valley in Greece : Reconstruction of the habitat of Ouranopithecus macedoniensis (Primates, Hominoidea)
The environment of the hominoid Ouranopithecus macedoniensis along the Axios Valley in Northern Greece during the late Vallesian is described using the feeding preferences of fossil bovids. To reach
A Dental Microwear Texture Analysis of the Mio-Pliocene Hyaenids from Langebaanweg, South Africa
Dental microwear texture analysis supports interpretations of craniodental evidence suggesting low bone consumption in carnivorous Mio-Pliocene hyaenas.
Ouranopithecus macedoniensis (Mammalia, Primates, Hominoidea): virtual reconstruction and 3D analysis of a juvenile mandibular dentition (RPl-82 and RPl-83)
ABSTRACT Dental enamel thickness is commonly listed among the diagnostic features for taxonomic assessment and phylogenetic reconstruction in the study of fossil hominids, and is widely used as an
Preliminary assessment of hadrosaur dental microwear from the Cerro del Pueblo Formation (Upper Cretaceous: Campanian) of Coahuila, northeastern Mexico
Here we report new hadrosaur remains recovered from the Cerro del Pueblo Formation (Upper Cretaceous: Campanian) at La Parrita locality, northeastern Mexico. Although the material is fragmentary, the
Comparative dental microwear of ruminant and perissodactyl molars: Implications for paleodietary analysis of rare and extinct ungulate clades
Although it is not clear what heritable variables may phylogenetically bias dentalmicrowear, extant ruminants may not be appropriate models for themicrowear of other large herbivores.
Dental microwear patterns of extant and extinct Muridae (Rodentia, Mammalia): ecological implications
Dental microwear is investigated for specimens of 17 extant species of murine and deomyine rodents in order to test the reliability of this method and infer dietary preferences on the fossil species Saïdomys afarensis.


Dental microwear of European Miocene catarrhines: evidence for diets and tooth use
  • P. Ungar
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 1996
Recon reconstructs the diets of European Miocene catarrhines by examining microscopic use-wear on their teeth, and identifies variation among these primates such that O. macedoniensis and Pliopithecus platydon probably more often used their front teeth in the ingestion of small or angular abrasives than did other primates studied.
A study of microwear on chimpanzee molars: implications for dental microwear analysis.
  • K. D. Gordon
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 1982
The results of an SEM survey of microwear patterns found on occlusal enamel of chimpanzee molars show that microwear within a single species may vary because of factors that are more to biomechanics than to diet.
Quantitative differences in dental microwear between primate species with different diets and a comment on the presumed diet of Sivapithecus.
  • M. Teaford, A. Walker
  • Environmental Science, Geography
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 1984
Qualitative differences in dental microwear between primate species that are known to have different diets are reported and it is shown that enamel microwear can be used to distinguish between those with a mainly frugivorous diet and those with an mainly folivorous one.
Dental microwear ofGriphopithecus alpani
The diet of Griphopithecus alpani, a 15 Ma fossil hominoid from the Miocene site of Pasalar in north-western Turkey, is reconstructed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to examine the microscopic wear on its molar teeth to suggest that it was ingesting harder fruits and/or objects than the extant hominoids, although this is not a significant difference.
Dental microwear and diet in Venezuelan primates.
Results reaffirm previously documented differences in dental microwear between primates that feed on hard objects versus those that do not--with Pithecia and Alouatta at the extremes of a range of microwear patterns including more subtle differences between species with intermediate diets.
Comparisons of adaptive morphology and epigenetic dental microwear data may allow us to begin to separate functional from phylogenetic or temporal effects on tooth shape, and suggest that Early Miocene African ape species ranged somewhat in their food preferences, whereas Middle to Late Miocene Eurasian ape diets probably varied more than their African predecessors.
Molar microwear of subfossil lemurs: improving the resolution of dietary inferences.
Molar microwear analyses are used to examine the trophic distinctions among various taxa of Malagasy subfossil lemurs and suggest that Archaeolemur probably had an eclectic diet that differed regionally and perhaps seasonally.