A New Look at Racial Profiling: Evidence from the Boston Police Department

@article{Antonovics2009ANL,
  title={A New Look at Racial Profiling: Evidence from the Boston Police Department},
  author={Kate Antonovics and Brian G. Knight},
  journal={The Review of Economics and Statistics},
  year={2009},
  volume={91},
  pages={163-177}
}
This paper provides new evidence on racial profiling using information on the race of both motorists and officers. Extending the model of Knowles, Persico, and Todd (2001), we develop a new test for distinguishing between preference-based and statistical discrimination. Our test is based on the notion that if search decisions are driven purely by statistical discrimination, then they should be independent of officer race. Our results, by contrast, demonstrate that officers are more likely to… 
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To what extent is the disparate impact of policing on racial minorities due to racism, rather than statistical discrimination? We extend the methodology developed by Knowles, Persico, and Todd
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