A New Class of Auditory Warning Signals for Complex Systems: Auditory Icons

@article{Belz1999ANC,
  title={A New Class of Auditory Warning Signals for Complex Systems: Auditory Icons},
  author={Steven M. Belz and Gary S. Robinson and John G. Casali},
  journal={Human factors},
  year={1999},
  volume={41 4},
  pages={
          608-18
        }
}
This simulator-based study examined conventional auditory warnings (tonal, nonverbal sounds) and auditory icons (representational, nonverbal sounds), alone and in combination with a dash-mounted visual display, to present information about impending collision situations to commercial motor vehicle operators. Brake response times were measured for impending front-to-rear collision scenarios under 6 display configurations, 2 vehicle speeds, and 2 levels of headway. Accident occurrence was… CONTINUE READING
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