A New, Evidence-based Estimate of Patient Harms Associated with Hospital Care

@article{James2013ANE,
  title={A New, Evidence-based Estimate of Patient Harms Associated with Hospital Care},
  author={John T. James},
  journal={Journal of Patient Safety},
  year={2013},
  volume={9},
  pages={122–128}
}
  • J. James
  • Published 1 September 2013
  • Medicine, Political Science
  • Journal of Patient Safety
OBJECTIVES Based on 1984 data developed from reviews of medical records of patients treated in New York hospitals, the Institute of Medicine estimated that up to 98,000 Americans die each year from medical errors. [] Key MethodRESULTS Using a weighted average of the 4 studies, a lower limit of 210,000 deaths per year was associated with preventable harm in hospitals.
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The case summaries of the 265 preventable deaths from the Utah and Colorado Medical Practice Study were reviewed, and a better appreciation of the heterogeneity of errors and adverse events was found, critical to developing new and more successful approaches to patient safety research, policy, and practice.
Patient safety begins with me.
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Impact of Inpatient Harms on Hospital Finances and Patient Clinical Outcomes
TLDR
This all-cause harm safety study indicates that inpatient harm has negative financial outcomes for hospitals and negative clinical outcomes for patients.
A Trigger Tool to Detect Harm in Pediatric Inpatient Settings
OBJECTIVES: An efficient and reliable process for measuring harm due to medical care is needed to advance pediatric patient safety. Several pediatric studies have assessed the use of trigger tools in
Implementing a predictive system for medication errors
  • A. Gu
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An effective, practical and sustainable predictive system that enables identification and prioritization of patients at higher risk of medication errors to who could most benefit from these approaches is therefore needed.
Medical Errors, Medical Malpractice and Death Cases in North Carolina: The Impact of Demographic and System Variables
TLDR
A study utilizing a medical liability insurer's archive of death cases in North Carolina from 2002 to 2009 and finding that men are significantly more at risk for diagnostic errors finds that policy implications are discussed.
Expert Consensus on Currently Accepted Measures of Harm
TLDR
A contemporary list of triggers and adverse event measures that could be used for chart review to determine the current incidence of inpatient and outpatient adverse events was generated using the World Café method.
Patient-specific risk factors of adverse drug events in adult inpatients - evidence detected using the Global Trigger Tool method.
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Patient-specific risk factors were identified using the Global Trigger Tool method revealing that more efficient monitoring of inpatients with these risk factors may be profitable for decreasing adverse drug events.
A Decade of Preventing Harm.
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