A Neurological Mystery from History: The Case of Claudius Caesar

  title={A Neurological Mystery from History: The Case of Claudius Caesar},
  author={Ali Murad},
  journal={Journal of the History of the Neurosciences},
  pages={221 - 227}
  • A. Murad
  • Published 9 July 2010
  • History
  • Journal of the History of the Neurosciences
The Roman emperor Claudius suffered from a wide range of physical tics and disabilities. Many scholars have explained these symptoms by hypothesizing that Claudius suffered from cerebral palsy. However, this hypothesis is dated and does not take into account all of the evidence available. This article re-examines ancient historical sources in the light of modern medical knowledge in an attempt to retrospectively diagnose the cause of Claudius's problems. In doing so, it suggests that Claudius… 

Cerebral Palsy: A Historical Review

Although there is lack of detailed medical descriptions from before the nineteenth century, mentions to cerebral palsy can be found in representational art, literary sources, and paleopathology; however, because of the poor medical documentation, the diagnosis of cerebral palsY must remain a more or less well-justified supposition.

Hallmarks in the history of cerebral palsy: From antiquity to mid-20th century



Mozart's scatological disorder.

Mozart's tomfoolery, scatty humour, puns, plays on words, amusing irrelevancies, distractability, clanging, echolalia, palilalia, and psychomotor hyperactivity are characteristic of the upswings in mood of a cyclothymic bipolar disorder.

Tourette's syndrome.

  • J. Jankovic
  • Psychology, Medicine
    The New England journal of medicine
  • 2001
The French neurologist Georges Gilles de la Tourette first described this syndrome, which consists of motor tics sometimes accompanied by uncontrollable noises or utterances,

The neurosurgical treatment of Tourette's syndrome

Because of the serious morbidity, neurosurgery as a treatment option in TS was generally abandoned by most specialized TS centers, but due to the refinement of the stereotactic technique and the safe procedure of deep brain stimulation in other movement disorders, such as Parkinson's disease, tremors and dystonia, neurosurgical treatment has received renewed attention.

Tourette syndrome, associated conditions and the complexities of treatment.

  • M. Robertson
  • Psychology, Medicine
    Brain : a journal of neurology
  • 2000
It is suggested that TS is heterogeneous from a variety of standpoints including clinical presentation and psychopathology, and thus neuropharmacological responses and possibly even aetiological and genetic mechanisms are possible.

Neurosurgical treatment of Tourette's syndrome: a critical review.

Tourette's syndrome.

  • K. Müller-Vahl
  • Medicine, Biology
    Current topics in behavioral neurosciences
  • 2009
From anecdotal reports and preliminary controlled studies it is suggested that - at least in a subgroup of patients - cannabinoids are effective in the treatment of TS, and therapy with THC should not be left unattempted.

Mozart's scatological disorder.

This study shows that there is a potential for hearing damage in classical musicians and that some form of protection from excessive sound may occasionally be needed.

The Twelve Caesars

As private secretary to the Emperor Hadrian, the scholar Suetonius had access to the imperial archives and used them (along with eyewitness accounts) to produce one of the most colourful biographical

Features Resembling Tourette's Syndrome in Developmental Stutterers

Developmental stuttering may be related to the extrapyramidal motor system and shares many clinical similarities with Tourette's syndrome, and the possibility that DS and TS are pathogenetically related.