A Neuroethological Framework for the Representation of Minds

  title={A Neuroethological Framework for the Representation of Minds},
  author={Leslie Brothers and Brian Ring},
  journal={Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience},
The cognition that constructs mental features such as intention, disposition, and character is an aspect of theory of mind. This aspect of representation of minds, which inherently has valence, is viewed from cognitive, evolutionary, and neural perspectives. It is proposed that this cognition is modular, and that it normally operates in association with a valence-free cognition able to represent mental states such as belief. Examples of neural activity capable of supporting the social… 
Neural Correlates of Theory-of-Mind Reasoning: An Event-Related Potential Study
Investigating the activity of neural systems that are engaged during theory-of-mind reasoning in adults found that neural activity elicited by tasks that required thinking about mental as compared with nonmental representations was characterized by a focally enhanced positivity over left frontal areas, which was diminished over left parietal areas.
Two-levels of mental states attribution: from automaticity to voluntariness
Decoupling beliefs from reality in the brain: an ERP study of theory of mind
To investigate the neural substrates of theory of mind reasoning, human event-related brain potentials (ERP) were recorded while participants made judgments about belief and judgments about reality.
Neurofunctional Correlates of Theory of Mind Deficits in Schizophrenia
The issue of neurofunctional correlates of Theory of Mind deficits in schizophrenia is addressed by reviewing functional imaging studies of the past ten years comparing schizophrenia patients to healthy controls, and several differences in hemodynamic response between patients and controls were observed.
Theory of mind, context processing and schizotypy
It is tentatively concluded that toM is a social-cognitive form of context processing and that ToM impairments in schizophrenia reflect more general impairmentsIn the co-ordination of contextually related information.
Higher order intentionality tasks are cognitively more demanding
It is shown that mentalising requires more time for responses than factual memory of a matched complexity and also that higher orders of mentalising are disproportionately more demanding and require the recruitment of more neurons in brain regions known to be associated with theory of mind, including insula, posterior STS, temporal pole and cerebellum.
The ventromedial prefrontal cortex is involved in understanding affective but not cognitive theory of mind stories
In the VM group, performance in the affective ToM was significantly impaired as compared to cognitive ToM stories, and ratings of levels of emotionality of each story suggested that levels of affective load correlated with number of errors in the stories, indicating that the more the emotional load involved in the story the greater the difficulty posed for the subjects in this group.
Experts in action: why we need an embodied social brain hypothesis
A view of primate brain and social evolution that is grounded in the body and action, rather than minds and metarepresentation is offered.
The Theory of Mind (ToM): theoretical, neurobiological and clinical profiles
  • G. Perrotta
  • Psychology
    Neuroscience and Neurological Surgery
  • 2020
The concept of "Theory of Mind" (ToM) is defined as the cognitive ability to represent one's own and others' mental states, in terms of thoughts and beliefs, but also of desires, demands and


The Modularity of mind. An essay on faculty psychology
This monograph synthesizes current information from the various fields of cognitive science in support of a new theory of mind that postulates a vertical and modular psychological organization underlying biologically coherent behaviours.
Does the chimpanzee have a theory of mind?
Abstract An individual has a theory of mind if he imputes mental states to himself and others. A system of inferences of this kind is properly viewed as a theory because such states are not directly
Pretense and representation: The origins of "theory of mind."
One of the major developments of the second year of human life is the emergence of the ability to pretend. A child's knowledge of a real situation is apparently contradicted and distorted by
Neuropsychological correlates of bilateral amygdala damage.
An extensive neuropsychological investigation in a patient with bilateral amygdala damage due to Urbach-Wiethe disease showed that she had normal electrodermal activity, an important finding in view of the role that has been attributed to the amygdala in the central control of autonomic responses.
Natural Theories of Mind: Evolution, Development, and Simulation of Everyday Mindreading
1. Fundamental Issues in the Multidisciplinary Study of Mindreading: Andrew Whiten and Josef Perner (University of St. Andrews and Sussex University) 2. From Desires to Beliefs: Acquisition of a
How Monkeys See the World: Inside the Mind of Another Species
Cheney and Seyfarth enter the minds of vervet monkeys and other primates to explore the nature of primate intelligence and the evolution of cognition. "This reviewer had to be restrained from
Machiavellian intelligence : social expertise and the evolution of intellect in monkeys, apes, and humans
Editorial - the Machiavellian intelligence hypotheses. The origins of the idea what primates know about social relationships social complexity - the effect of a third party are primates mind-readers?
Prosopagnosia: Anatomic basis and behavioral mechanisms
Critical analysis of postmortem and CT scan data indicates that prosopagnosia is associated with bilateral lesions of the central visual system and those lesions are functionally symmetric.
Tactical deception in primates
Abstract Tactical deception occurs when an individual is able to use an “honest” act from his normal repertoire in a different context to mislead familiar individuals. Although primates have a
Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences
The Tenth Anniversary Edition of Intelligence explains the development of intelligence in the 21st Century through the applications of language, linguistics, mathematics, and more.