A NEO‐DARWINIAN COMMENTARY ON MACROEVOLUTION

@article{Charlesworth1982ANC,
  title={A NEO‐DARWINIAN COMMENTARY ON MACROEVOLUTION},
  author={Brian Charlesworth and Russell Lande and Montgomery Slatkin},
  journal={Evolution},
  year={1982},
  volume={36}
}
The neo-Darwinian synthesis that resulted from the integration of Mendelian genetics into evolutionary theory has dominated evolutionary biology for the last 30 to 40 years, due largely to its agreement with a huge body of experimental and observational data. The classic works representative of this school of thought come from the fields of genetics (Fisher, 1930; Wright, 1931; Haldane, 1932; Dobzhansky, 1937; Muller, 1940), development (de Beer, 1940), zoology, (Huxley, 1942; Mayr, 1942… Expand

Topics from this paper

Can Modern Evolutionary Theory Explain Macroevolution
Ever since the Evolutionary Synthesis of the 1930s and 1940s, some biologists have expressed doubt that the Synthetic Theory, based principally on mutation, genetic variation, and natural selection,Expand
Neo‐darwinism still haunts evolutionary theory: A modern perspective on Charlesworth, Lande, and Slatkin (1982)
TLDR
It is concluded that punctuated equilibrium did not represent a major revolution in evolutionary biology – although debate on this point stimulated significant research and furthered the field – and that Neo‐Darwinism is alive and well. Expand
Allen Orr and the genetics of adaptation
TLDR
In 1998, Allen Orr published a landmark theoretical paper in Evolution, which showed that both small‐ and large‐effect mutations are likely to contribute to “adaptive walks” of a population to an optimum, and provided a mathematical formalism that converted many evolutionary biologists from micro‐mutationism to a more pluralistic perspective on the genetic basis of evolutionary change. Expand
Evolution in Fossil Lineages: Paleontology and The Origin of Species
  • G. Hunt
  • Biology, Medicine
  • The American Naturalist
  • 2010
TLDR
Today the fossil record is much better explored, documented, and understood than it was in 1859, and a reasonably large set of studies tracing evolutionary trajectories within species can now be brought to bear on Darwin’s expectation of gradual change driven by natural selection. Expand
Homeobox genes, fossils, and the origin of species
TLDR
A model of evolutionary change that is based on the Mendelian inheritance of mutations in regulatory genes and the fact that most nonlethal mutations arise in the recessive state is presented, suggesting that the species barrier between individuals is probably a matter of mate recognition. Expand
Particulate versus integrated evolution of the upper body in late pleistocene humans: a test of two models.
  • S. Churchill
  • Biology, Medicine
  • American journal of physical anthropology
  • 1996
TLDR
A model of morphological integration fits the data better than a model of no integration, but this integration accounts for less than half of the variance in upper limb traits, suggesting a high degree of tolerance for particulate evolution in the context of an integrated upper body plan. Expand
ERNST MAYR AND THE ORIGIN OF SPECIES
  • J. Coyne
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1994
TLDR
Three of these-the emphasis on discontinuous organic forms, the encapsulation of such discontinuities in the "biological species concept," and the theory of allopatric speciation-are milestones of evolutionary biology that constitute the modem dogma of speciation. Expand
An introduction to microevolution: rate, pattern, process
This special issue of Genetica brings together a diverse collection of contributions that examine evolution within and among populations (i.e., microevolution), and the role that microevolution playsExpand
PERSPECTIVE: EVOLUTIONARY DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY AND THE PROBLEM OF VARIATION
TLDR
This approach will assist in the task of identifying the specific mutations generating phenotypesic variation and elucidating how they alter gene function, which will provide the current missing link between molecular and phenotypic variation in natural populations. Expand
PERSPECTIVE: EVOLUTIONARY DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY AND THE PROBLEM OF VARIATION
  • D. Stern
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 2000
TLDR
This approach will assist in the task of identifying the specific mutations generating phenotypic variation and elucidating how they alter gene function, which will provide the current missing link between molecular and phenotypesic variation in natural populations. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 190 REFERENCES
Macroevolution: Pattern and Process
TLDR
It is argued that only "quantum speciation" (rapid and radically divergent), can explain the story of life revealed in the fossil record; macroevolution, he contends, cannot be attributed to microevolutionary forces such as mutation, genetic drift and natural selection. Expand
Is a new and general theory of evolution emerging
TLDR
The “modern synthetic” view of evolution has broken down, at least as an exclusive proposition, on both of its fundamental claims: “extrapolationism” and “ nearly exclusive reliance on selection leading to adaptation. Expand
Adaptation and Evolution in Heliconius: A Defense of NeoDarwinism
TLDR
This review addressed the question whether changes over a period of around 8000 years in populations of the snail Cepaea could be well accounted for by the selective effects of temperature known to act on the forms in present day populations, and the independently known fluctuations of the British climate during that time. Expand
QUANTITATIVE GENETIC ANALYSIS OF MULTIVARIATE EVOLUTION, APPLIED TO BRAIN:BODY SIZE ALLOMETRY
  • R. Lande
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 1979
TLDR
Methods of multivariate analysis, functional analysis and optimality criteria popular among evolutionists, do not account for dynamical constraints imposed by the pattern of genetic variation within populations. Expand
CATASTROPHIC SELECTION AS A FACTOR IN SPECIATION
TLDR
A study of species relationships in the genus Clarkia has led me to the conclusion that rapid speciation, involving an abrupt shift in adaptive mode and accompanied by barriers to gene exchange, represents the normal mode of speciation. Expand
AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY OF INTERACTION BETWEEN GENETIC DRIFT AND NATURAL SELECTION
TLDR
The role of random genetic drift in the evolutionary process has, for about two decades, been one of the controversial issues in population genetics and should not be used as a loophole; to be accepted it requires a firmer basis than suspicion. Expand
SPECIATION RATES AND MORPHOLOGICAL DIVERGENCE IN FISHES: TESTS OF GRADUAL VERSUS RECTANGULAR MODES OF EVOLUTIONARY CHANGE
TLDR
Avise and Ayala (1975) introduced general models which examine the logical consequences of rectangular evolution versus phyletic gradualism for the distributions of genetic distances among living species. Expand
The theory of speciation via the founder principle.
TLDR
The genetic transilience model is used to explain several features of the evolution of the Hawaiian Drosophila, and experimental designs are outlined to test the major predictions of the theory. Expand
THE UNITS OF SELECTION
The principle of natural selection as the motive force for evolution was framed by Darwin in terms of a "struggle for existence" on the part of organisms living in a finite and risky environment. TheExpand
Social structuring of mammalian populations and rate of chromosomal evolution.
TLDR
The results show that chromosomal evolution has been faster in placental mammals than in other vertebrates or molluscs, consistent with published evidence that placentals have also been evolving unusually fast in anatomy and way of life. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...