A Motivational Perspective on Engagement and Disaffection

@article{Skinner2009AMP,
  title={A Motivational Perspective on Engagement and Disaffection},
  author={Ellen A. Skinner and Thomas A. Kindermann and Carrie J. Furrer},
  journal={Educational and Psychological Measurement},
  year={2009},
  volume={69},
  pages={493 - 525}
}
This article presents a motivational conceptualization of engagement and disaffection: First, it emphasizes children's constructive, focused, enthusiastic participation in the activities of classroom learning; second, it distinguishes engagement from disaffection, as well as behavioral features from emotional features. Psychometric properties of scores from teacher and student reports of behavioral engagement, emotional engagement, behavioral disaffection, and emotional disaffection were… 

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