A Model for Visual Memory Tasks1

@article{Sperling1963AMF,
  title={A Model for Visual Memory Tasks1},
  author={George Sperling},
  journal={Human Factors: The Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society},
  year={1963},
  volume={5},
  pages={19 - 31}
}
  • G. Sperling
  • Published 1963
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Human Factors: The Journal of Human Factors and Ergonomics Society
A model for visual recall tasks was presented in terms of visual information storage (VIS), scanning, rehearsal, and auditory information storage (AIS). It was shown first that brief visual stimuli are stored in VIS in a form similar to the sensory input. These visual “images” contain considerably more information than is transmitted later. They can be sampled by scanning for items at high rates of about 10 msec per letter. Recall is based on a verbal receding of the stimulus (rehearsal), which… Expand
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  • S. Margrain
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Quarterly journal of experimental psychology
  • 1967
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Results showed that interpolated written and verbal recall differentially affect retention depending on whether the to-be-recalled list was presented auditorily or visually, and that input modality appears to be far more important for recall than was directing subjects' attention to a list during input. Expand
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  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Acta psychologica
  • 1967
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The data support the previous contention that, in short term memory, retrieval can be from a preperceptual sensory store and argue against the notion that the function of the list presentation is merely to tag words for later retrieval. Expand
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  • C. Penney
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Memory & cognition
  • 1989
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It is shown that assumptions about the structure of short-term verbal memory are shown to account for many of the observed effects of presentation morality. Expand
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Though recall memory performance of young children did surpass recognition memory levels, the same was true for adults with the relative adult-child difference remaining constant across conditions. Expand
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Auditory and visual presentation of verbal material were compared in a single patient having an auditory verbal S.T.M. deficit, and striking differences in performance related to modality of input were obtained. Expand
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A brain system that provides temporary storage and manipulation of the information necessary for such complex cognitive tasks as language comprehension, learning, and reasoning is found. Expand
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