A Mission Unfulfilled: Freedmen's Education in North Carolina, 1865-1870

  title={A Mission Unfulfilled: Freedmen's Education in North Carolina, 1865-1870},
  author={Michael D. Goldhaber},
  journal={The Journal of Negro History},
  pages={199 - 210}
  • M. Goldhaber
  • Published 22 September 1992
  • Education, History
  • The Journal of Negro History
"How long ought the Freedmen's Bureau be in the business of educating Freedmen? This simple question was posed to all officers of the Freedmen's Bureau in North Carolina in March 1867. Of all the responses, one stood out from the rest: The freedmen ought to be educated, answered the agent in Goldsboro, "So long as their |sic~ are freedmen to educate."(1) His answer had a certain seductive symmetry. And if the goal of the Freedmen's Bureau was to educate freedmen, then it was also the perfectly… 
“Bringing Light to our Land… When She was Dark as Night”: Northerners, Freedpeople, and Education during Military Occupation in North Carolina, 1862–1865
When Union armies arrived in eastern North Carolina in 1862, they encountered escaped slaves eager to acquire education. Soon after the armies occupied the region, missionaries and teachers arrived
The Federal Role in American Education: A Historiographical Essay
Twenty-five years ago in the Harvard Educational Review, Carl Kaestle and Marshall S. Smith published their article, “The Federal Role in Elementary and Secondary Education, 1940–1980.” Noting the
Surveying the Destruction of African American Schoolhouses in the South, 1864–1876
Abstract:This essay surveys the destruction of 631 African American schools during the Reconstruction era. Drawing from newspaper reports, congressional testimony, and the archives of the Freedmen’s
Freedmen's Bureau


28 Vogell to Alvord
:1, 100; Fiske to Mary Bowers
  • FB Records
:3, 109; Obat Tent to Andrew Giddes, forwarded to Vogell
  • FB Records
Commissioner's (or Agent's) Monthly Reports
  • FB Records
FB Records 2:3, 261; Vogell to Alvord
House Executive Documents, 39 Cong., I Sess., no. 120, 30. Fiske to Miss Stevenson
  • FB Records
Public Education in North Carolina During Reconstruction
Records of the Assistant Commissioner for the State of North Carolina, Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands
Records of the Educational Division of the State of North Carolina
  • Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands