A Miocene ostrich fossil from Gansu Province, northwest China

  title={A Miocene ostrich fossil from Gansu Province, northwest China},
  author={Lian-hai Hou and Zhonghe Zhou and Fucheng Zhang and Zhao Wang},
  journal={Chinese Science Bulletin},
A pelvic skeleton, recognized as a large terrestrial bird in the field, was recently collected by our paleomammalogist colleagues from the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology from the late Miocene sandy mudstones in the Linxia Basin in Gansu Province, northwest China. We have further referred this bird to as an early representative of ostrich. Ostrich fossils usually coexisted with the famous Hipparion Fauna from the Miocene to Pliocene. 

Figures from this paper

Evidence of Late Miocene Peri-Tibetan Aridification From the Oldest Asian Species of Sandgrouse (Aves: Pteroclidae)
The partial skeleton of a new extinct taxon, Linxiavis inaquosus, from the Liushu Formation (6–9 Ma) at the edge of the Tibetan Plateau in Gansu Province, China is the most substantial known fossilExpand
A falconid from the Late Miocene of northwestern China yields further evidence of transition in Late Neogene steppe communities
ABSTRACT Although the family Falconidae, which includes extant falcons and caracaras, has a long evolutionary history, most previously reported fossils referred to this family are isolated singleExpand
A Giant Ostrich from the Lower Pleistocene Nihewan Formation of North China, with a Review of the Fossil Ostriches of China
A large incomplete ostrich femur from the Lower Pleistocene of North China, kept at the Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle (Paris), is described. It was found by Father Emile Licent in 1925 in theExpand
Cenozoic phoenicopteriform birds from central Asia
A new phoenicopteriform bird, Palaelodus kurochkini sp. nov., is described from the terminal middle Miocene of Mongolia (the Sharga locality) on the basis of a partial tibiotarsus and tentativelyExpand
A new species of Eogruidae (Aves: Gruiformes) from the Miocene of the Linxia Basin, Gansu, China: Evolutionary and climatic implications
ABSTRACT Despite having one of the most robust fossil records within core-gruiform birds (rails, cranes, and allies), the biogeographic history of Gruidae (cranes) and key drivers of diversificationExpand
Character, age and ecology of the Hezheng Biota from Northwestern China
The Hezheng area of Gansu Province produces the most abundant mammal fossils in China as well as the whole Eurasia, and it also produces other Cenozoic fossils of different animals and plants.Expand
The late Cenozoic history of the ostriches (Aves: Struthionidae), as revealed by fossil eggshell and bone remains
Abstract Ostriches (Struthionidae) are iconic Old-World giant flightless birds. The two living African species represent only a small part of ancient struthionid diversity, which comprises a numberExpand
Pathological Microstructure of a Miocene Ostrich Eggshell from Asia
:Struthio linxiaensis is the oldest fossil ostrich from Asia till today. This paper analyzes the microstructure of the eggshell of Struthio linxiaensis. The SEM and light microscopic results showExpand
Unexpected diversity of ratites (Aves, Palaeognathae) in the early Cenozoic of South America: palaeobiogeographical implications
The new specimens described here reinforce the hypothesis that the traditional vicariant biogeographical model, which proposes ratite clades originated exclusively before the breakup of the Gondwana supercontinent, is questionable owing to the unexpected diversity of various ratiteClades in South America, and also in Europe and Africa. Expand
A new Old World vulture from the late Miocene of China sheds light on Neogene shifts in the past diversity and distribution of the Gypaetinae
ABSTRACT Neogene fossils of Old World vultures (Aegypiinae and Gypaetinae) are known from both Old World and New World records. There are no extant Old World vultures in the Americas today, althoughExpand


The Linxia Basin is situated in the southeastern part of Gansu Province, China, and it is a flexural basin bounded by the Leijishan fault, North Qinling fault, and the Maxian mountain (Fang et al.,Expand
Le plus ancien représentant du genre Struthio (Aves, Struthionidae), Struthio coppensi n. sp., du Miocène inférieur de Namibie
Fossil hind limb bones of a didactyl ratite found at Elisabethfeld, a Lower Miocene site in Namibia, represent the oldest known skeletal elements of the genus Struthio, indicating that didactyle ostriches probably originated in Africa in pre-Miocene times and spread to Eurasia during the Middle Miocene and later periods. Expand
The evolutionary radiation of modern birds (Neornithes): reconciling molecules, morphology and the fossil record
Current understanding of the early fossil history of Neornithes is highlighted in conjunction with available phylogenetic resolution for the major extant clades, as well as recent advancements in genetic methods that have constrained time estimates for major evolutionary divergences. Expand
The origin and evolution of birds
Ornithologist and evolutionary biologist Alan Feduccia, author of "Age of Birds," here draws on fossil evidence and studies of the structure and biochemistry of living birds to present knowledge and data on avian evolution and propose a model of this evolutionary process. Expand
ed.), A checklist on the classification and distribution of the birds of the world
  • 2002
Evolution of the Late Cenozoic mammalian faunas in the Linxia Basin and its background relevant to the uplift of the Qinghai-Xizhang Plateau
  • Quaternary Sci. (in Chinese),
  • 2004
Pleistocene birds from Choukoudian
  • Mem. Instit. Verteb. Paleontol. Paleoanthrop. Acad. Sin. (in Chinese),
  • 2003
A new flightless landbird from the Cretaceous of Patagonia
  • Nat. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co. Sci. Ser.,
  • 1992
A new ostrich from the Middle Sarmatian of Moldavia
  • Palaeontol. J. (in Russian),
  • 1970
Data on ostrich fossils from the Old Continent
  • Verteb . PalAsiat .
  • 1962