A Method to Quantify and Analyze the Foraging Activity of Honey Bees: Relevance to the Sublethal Effects Induced by Systemic Insecticides

@article{Colin2004AM,
  title={
A Method to Quantify and Analyze the Foraging Activity of Honey Bees: Relevance to the Sublethal Effects Induced by Systemic Insecticides},
  author={M. Colin and J. Bonmatin and I. Moineau and C. Gaimon and S. Brun and J. P. Vermandere},
  journal={Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology},
  year={2004},
  volume={47},
  pages={387-395}
}
The assessment of agropharmaceuticals’ side effects requires more realistic simulations of field conditions than those deduced from the dose-lethality relation obtained under laboratory conditions. Because the presence of sublethal doses or concentrations may also alter the behavior of foraging insects, we attempted to devise a quantifiable and accurate protocol for evidencing various alterations in free-flying bees. Such a protocol was illustrated by testing new classes of systemic… Expand
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