A Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Calculators on Students' Achievement and Attitude Levels in Precollege Mathematics Classes

@article{Ellington2003AMO,
title={A Meta-Analysis of the Effects of Calculators on Students' Achievement and Attitude Levels in Precollege Mathematics Classes},
author={A. Ellington},
journal={Journal for Research in Mathematics Education},
year={2003},
volume={34},
pages={433}
}

The findings of 54 research studies were integrated through meta-analysis to determine the effects of calculators on student achievement and attitude levels. Effect sizes were generated through Glassian techniques of meta-analysis, and Hedges and Olkin’s (1985) inferential statistical methods were used to test the significance of effect size data. Results revealed that students’ operational skills and problem-solving skills improved when calculators were an integral part of testing and… Expand