A Measure of Subjective Happiness: Preliminary Reliability and Construct Validation

  title={A Measure of Subjective Happiness: Preliminary Reliability and Construct Validation},
  author={Sonja Lyubomirsky and Heidi S. Lepper},
  journal={Social Indicators Research},
Using a ''subjectivist'' approach to the assessment of happiness, a new 4-item measure of global subjective happiness was developed and validated in 14 studies with a total of 2 732 participants. Data was collected in the United States from students on two college campuses and one high school campus, from community adults in two California cities, and from older adults. Students and community adults in Moscow, Russia also participated in this research. Results indicated that the Subjective… 
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The Subjective Happiness Scale was developed to address the lapses in earlier measures of happiness and provide a direct measure of individuals’ perceptions of their own levels of happiness. Although
Psychometric Evaluation of a Serbian Version of the Subjective Happiness Scale
The main aim of this research was to examine the psychometric properties of the Subjective Happiness Scale (SHS; Lyubomirsky and Lepper in Soc Indic Res 46:137–155, 1999) in a sample of young adults
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The measurement of happiness: development of the Memorial University of Newfoundland Scale of Happiness (MUNSH).
Results indicated that the new scale was a better predictor of "avowed happiness" in both validation and cross-validation samples than the existing scales used for comparison.
Happiness, or subjective well-being, was measured on a birth-record-based sample of several thousand middleaged tvuns using the Well-Being (WB) stale of the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire
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La Rochefoucauld argued that personality is an important cause of happiness and of unhappiness. Modern researchers find, however, that he was incorrect in underestimating the size of this influence.
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The literature on subjective well-being (SWB), including happiness, life satisfaction, and positive affect, is reviewed in three areas: measurement, causal factors, and theory. Psychometric data on
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A model of individual differences in happiness is presented, and the separate and complementary roles of trait and adaptation-level theories in explaining happiness are discussed.
Assessing subjective well-being: Progress and opportunities
Subjective well-being (SWB) comprises people's longer-term levels of pleasant affect, lack of unpleasant affect, and life satisfaction. It displays moderately high levels of cross-situational
Further validation of the Satisfaction with Life Scale: evidence for the cross-method convergence of well-being measures.
The Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS) is shown to be a valid and reliable measure of life satisfaction, suited for use with a wide range of age groups and applications, and strong evidence that subjective well-being is a relatively global and stable phenomenon.