author={Robert G. Moyle},
  • R. Moyle
  • Published 1 April 2006
  • Environmental Science, Biology
Abstract The phylogeny of kingfishers was reconstructed by comparing mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences representing 38 ingroup species. Analysis of the combined data and the nuclear data alone recovered the Alcedininae as the basal lineage in the family. This basal arrangement, and support for many relationships within the three subfamilies, allows discussion of biogeographic issues. The Australian region and Pacific islands display the highest diversity of kingfishers, but this diversity… 

Phylogeography of the Variable Dwarf-Kingfisher Ceyx lepidus (Aves: Alcedinidae) Inferred from Mitochondrial and Nuclear DNA Sequences

The phylogeographic relationships of the Variable Dwarf-Kingfisher (Ceyx lepidus) is reconstructed using DNA sequence data and some biogeographic patterns recovered for the Solomon Islands taxa match those seen in other bird species, such as the close relationship on Bougainville, Choiseul, and Isabel.

A Laurasian origin for a pantropical bird radiation is supported by genomic and fossil data (Aves: Coraciiformes)

The first complete species tree of Coraciiformes is presented, produced with 4858 ultraconserved elements, which supports two clades: Old World-restricted bee-eaters, rollers and ground-rollers; and New World todies and motmots, and cosmopolitan kingfishers.

Feeding behavior, toe count, and the phylogenetic relationships among alcedinine kingfishers (Alcedininae)

It is recommended that four genera be retained to describe the variation within pygmy kingfishers, and it is apparent that reliance on these characters to delineate genera has resulted in classifications that do not describe natural groups.

Combined phylogenetic analysis of a new North American fossil species confirms widespread Eocene distribution for stem rollers (Aves, Coracii)

A nearly complete skeleton of a new species of stem roller from the early Eocene Green River Formation of North America is reported, providing evidence of further ecological diversity in early stem Coracii and convergence on crown morphologies.

Two lineages of kingfisher feather lice exhibit differing degrees of cospeciation with their hosts

Cophylogenetic analysis indicated that Alcedoecus, as well as the clade of Alcedoffula occurring on Alcedininae, do not show evidence of cospeciation, while the clades occurring on Cerylinae showed strong evidence ofcospeciation.

An Update of Wallace’s Zoogeographic Regions of the World

A global map of zoogeographic regions is generated by combining data on the distributions and phylogenetic relationships of 21,037 species of amphibians, birds, and mammals, and it is shown that spatial turnover in the phylogenetic composition of vertebrate assemblages is higher in the Southern than in the Northern Hemisphere.

Biogeology of Wallacea: geotectonic models, areas of endemism, and natural biogeographical units

It is concluded that although Wallacea as a whole is not a natural biogeographical region, neither is it completely artificial as it is formed from a complex of predominantly Australasian exotic fragments linked by geological processes within a complex collision zone.

An Assessment of Host Associations, Geographic Distributions, and Genetic Diversity of Avian Chewing Lice (Insecta: Phthiraptera) from Benin

This study finds 15 host associations of highly host-specific chewing lice across multiple avian species in Benin, 7 of which were new to science and discovered a minimum of 4 and possibly as many as 8 new chewing louse species.

Phylogenetic relationships of the Gulf of Guinea Alcedo kingfishers

Phylogenetic relationships of the Gulf of Guinea Alcedo kingfishers are studied to derive phylogenetic relationships between known species of kingfisher.

Karyotype description and comparative analysis in Ringed Kingfisher and Green Kingfisher (Coraciiformes, Alcedinidae)

It is possible chromosomal fissions in macrochromosomes resulted in the increase of the diploid number, whereas chromosome fusions have originated the karyotypes with low diploids number.



Phylogeny and biogeographical history of Trogoniformes, a pantropical bird order

Support for the basal relationships among trogons is examined using a combination of nuclear (RAG-1) and mitochondrial (ND2) DNA sequence data, which implies an origin and early vicariance events for the crown clade in the New World.

Phylogeny and diversification of the largest avian radiation.

The historical framework suggests multiple waves of passerine dispersal from Australasia into Eurasia, Africa, and the New World, commencing as early as the Eocene, essentially reversing the classical scenario of oscine biogeography.


It is suggested that molecular divergences appear far too low to be consistent with mid-Eocene fossils attributed to the Brachypteraciidae family, the ground rollers.


Summary Conclusions from a study of plumages, geographical distribution, and available anatomical and biological characters, are that the family Alcedinidae arose in Malesia, and that the 18

A phylogenetic hypothesis for passerine birds: taxonomic and biogeographic implications of an analysis of nuclear DNA sequence data

The hypothesis of relationships presented here suggests that the oscine passerines arose on the Australian continental plate while it was isolated by oceanic barriers and that a major northern radiation of oscines originated subsequent to dispersal from the south.

Molecular Phylogenetics and Biogeography of Tanagers in the GenusRamphocelus(Aves)

General area cladogram suggests the following area relationships: Pacific and Caribbean Central America are sister areas, Choco is the sister to the Central American area, and Amazonia/southeastern Brazil is the outgroup area to the Choco/Central American clade.

Molecular support for a sister group relationship between Pici and Galbulae (Piciformes sensu Wetmore 1960)

This study indicates a sister group relationship between Pici and Galbulae, i.e. monophyly of the Piciformes, and this association has high statistical support in terms of bootstrap values and posterior probabilities, and supports several associations within the traditional order Coraciiformes.

Oligocene fossils bearing on the origins of the Todidae and the Momotidae (Aves: Coraciiformes)

A new genus and species of tody, f okeofoduf ernyyt, is described from the "middle" Oligocene (Orellan land mammal stage) of Wyoming, providing the first record of the modem family Todidae outside

Basal divergences in birds and the phylogenetic utility of the nuclear RAG-1 gene.

Phylogenetic analysis of the RAG-1 sequences supported the hypothesis that the deepest evolutionary split in extant birds separates paleognaths from neognaths, and suggested that this gene cannot easily be used for estimating ages of ancient lineages.


Possible ecological separating mechanisms are suggested for the kingfisher community of rainforests and abundance at one lowland site is discussed.