An Exponential Separation between Randomized and Deterministic Complexity in the LOCAL Model
We show that any randomised Monte Carlo distributed algorithm for the Lovász local lemma requires Omega(log log n) communication rounds, assuming that it finds a correct assignment with high probability. Our result holds even in the special case of d = O(1), where d is the maximum degree of the dependency graph. By prior work, there are distributed algorithms for the Lovász local lemma with a running time of O(log n) rounds in bounded-degree graphs, and the best lower bound before our work was Omega(log* n) rounds [Chung et al. 2014].