A Longitudinal Study of Self-Esteem: Implications for Adolescent Development

  title={A Longitudinal Study of Self-Esteem: Implications for Adolescent Development},
  author={Marc A Zimmerman and Laurel A. Copeland and Jean T. Shope and Terry E. Dielman},
  journal={Journal of Youth and Adolescence},
This study used a cluster analytic approach to identify self-esteem trajectories among adolescents over a four-year period from sixth to tenth grades (N = 1,160). Four self-esteem trajectories were identified that replicated previous research: (1) consistently high, (2) moderate and rising, (3) steadily decreasing, and (4) consistently low. Female adolescents were more likely to be in the steadily decreasing self-esteem group while male adolescents were more likely to be in the moderate and… 

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