A Literature Review of Suicide in Cancer Patients

@article{Anguiano2012ALR,
  title={A Literature Review of Suicide in Cancer Patients},
  author={Linda Anguiano and Deborah K. Mayer and Mary Lynn Piven and Donald L. Rosenstein},
  journal={Cancer Nursing},
  year={2012},
  volume={35},
  pages={E14–E26}
}
Background:Cancer survivors have a higher suicide rate than the general population. Oncology nurses need to have knowledge and skills in assessing risk for suicide in this population. Objective:This study aimed to conduct a literature review on risk factors for and incidence of suicide in patients with cancer and to identify potential screening tools. Methods:PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO databases were searched to identify research articles in peer-reviewed journals from 1999 to 2009. The… 
Lung cancer patients have the highest malignancy-associated suicide rate in USA: a population-based analysis
TLDR
The cancer-associated suicide rate is nearly twice that of the general population of the United States of America, and the suicide risk is highest among the patients with lung cancer, particularly elderly, widowed, male patients and patients with unfavourable tumour characteristics.
Incidence of Suicide in Patients With Head and Neck Cancer.
TLDR
Patients with head and neck cancer have more than 3 times the incidence of suicide compared with the general US population, and suicide rates were highest among those with cancers of the larynx and hypopharynx.
Risk and predictors of suicide in colorectal cancer patients: a Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results analysis.
TLDR
Sex, age, race, distant spread of disease, and intact primary tumour were the main predictors of suicide among crc patients, and further studies and interventions are needed to target these high-risk groups.
Suicidal ideation in patients with cancer: A systematic review of prevalence, risk factors, intervention and assessment
TLDR
Prevalence of SI varied with study population and was likely influenced by the method of assessment, but psychological distress consistently predicted SI.
Assessment of suicidal behavior and factors associated with a diagnosis of prostate cancer
TLDR
After being diagnosed with PC, patients who display risk factors for suicide should be monitored by a mental health team and identified the factors that affect suicidal behavior.
Coincident Patterns of Suicide Risk Among Adult Patients with a Primary Solid Tumor: A Large-Scale Population Study
TLDR
Clinicians should pay more attention to patients who are older, male, white, not married, high levels of cancer severity, not received active treatment (especially surgery), and having no insurance in order to mitigate suicidal risk.
Risk of Suicide After Cancer Diagnosis in England
TLDR
A need for improved psychological support for all patients with cancer, and attention to modifiable risk factors, such as pain, is suggested, particularly in specific cancer groups.
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References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 31 REFERENCES
Incidence of suicide in persons with cancer.
TLDR
Patients with cancer in the United States have nearly twice the incidence of suicide of the general population, and suicide rates vary among patients with cancers of different anatomic sites, and the psychological experience of patients with cancer is warranted.
Prostate cancer: a significant risk factor for late-life suicide.
  • M. Llorente, M. Burke, E. Olsen
  • Medicine, Psychology
    The American journal of geriatric psychiatry : official journal of the American Association for Geriatric Psychiatry
  • 2005
TLDR
The incidence of suicide among older men with prostate cancer is higher than previously recognized and screens for depression and suicide should be done after diagnosis and redone during the first 6 months regularly, particularly in the primary-care setting.
Suicide risk in cancer patients from 1960 to 1999.
TLDR
Cancer may be a risk factor for suicide, particularly shortly after diagnosis, however, the relative risk gradually decreased during the period 1960 to 1999, with a significant decrease in the relative suicide risk over decades.
Cancer and the risk of suicide in older Americans.
TLDR
The risk of suicide in older adults is higher Among patients with cancer than among patients with other medical illnesses, even after psychiatric illness and the risk of dying within a year were accounted for.
Oncology Nurses' Knowledge of Suicide Evaluation and Prevention
TLDR
Oncology nurses were able to identify certain behavioral risk factors at acceptable rates but not demographic risk factors, and nurses rated themselves as having little to some skill and knowledge of suicide evaluation.
Suicide and cancer: a gender-comparative study.
  • W. Kendal
  • Medicine
    Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
  • 2007
TLDR
A population-based analysis of cancer patients was carried out, comparing suicide risk between the genders, to elucidate the features specific to each gender and warn oncologists and allied health professionals of the potential for suicide in cancer patients and their associated risk factors.
Suicide in cancer patients in South East England from 1996 to 2005: a population-based study
TLDR
There is a critical period immediately after the diagnosis of cancer during which the excess risk of suicide is particularly high, and carers need to be aware of the importance of attending to both the physical and emotional needs of cancer patients and cancer survivors.
Methods of suicide among cancer patients: a nationwide population-based study.
TLDR
A 3-year nationwide population-based data set was used to explore methods of suicide (violent vs. nonviolent) and possible contributing factors among cancer patients in Taiwan and shows that those who had genitourinary cancer were less likely to use violent methods to commit suicide thanThose who had respiratory cancer.
Suicides among Danish cancer patients 1971–1999
TLDR
Assessment and treatment of depression could improve the quality of life for cancer patients who suffer from unrecognised depressions and in turn reduce the risk of suicide in cancer patients.
Suicide ideation in adult survivors of childhood cancer: a report from the Childhood Cancer Survivor Study.
TLDR
A logistic regression analysis showed that poor current physical health was significantly associated with SI even after adjusting for cancer diagnosis and depression, and adult survivors of childhood cancers are at increased risk for SI.
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