A Leader Without Followers? The Growing Divergence Between the Regional and Global Performance of Brazilian Foreign Policy

@article{Malamud2011ALW,
  title={A Leader Without Followers? The Growing Divergence Between the Regional and Global Performance of Brazilian Foreign Policy},
  author={A. Malamud},
  journal={Latin American Politics and Society},
  year={2011},
  volume={53},
  pages={1 - 24}
}
  • A. Malamud
  • Published 1 September 2011
  • Political Science
  • Latin American Politics and Society
Abstract Brazilian diplomats and academics alike have long regarded regional leadership as a springboard to global recognition. Yet Brazil's foreign policy has not translated the country's structural and instrumental resources into effective regional leadership. Brazil's potential followers have not aligned with its main goals, such as a permanent seat on the UN Security Council and Directorship-General of the World Trade Organization; some have even challenged its regional influence… 
MERCOSUR and the Brazilian Leadership Challenge in the Era of Chinese Growth: A Uruguayan Foreign Policy Perspective
Abstract In recent years, China has expanded its presence in Latin America leading to increased trade flows, foreign direct investment, and bilateral cooperation agreements. At the same time, Brazil
Revisiting consensual hegemony: Brazilian regional leadership in question
A central challenge confronting Brazilian foreign policy is its reluctance to accept measures that might restrict national autonomy. This limits the extent to which Brazil can lead and leverage the
Soft Power, Hard Aspirations: the Shifting Role of Power in Brazilian Foreign Policy
Journalists and policy analysts have highlighted the emergence of Brazil as a regional power. However, little attention has been paid to its foreign policy strategies. Brazil's rise to prominence in
Brazil's Africa policy: Continuities and changes
Brazilian foreign policy has been on an upward swing since the turn of the century. Africa, both ideologically and strategically gained a high priority status in Itamaraty’s larger foreign policy
Altercasting Brazil into Regional Leadership : the role of small powers in creating regional leaders
What is the role of small powers in establishing the position of regional leader for a country like Brazil? What contradictions arise between Brazil’s desire to enact an such important role and the
Cooperation for Development, Brazilian Regional Leadership and Global Protagonism
This article aims to analyze Brazil’s policy towards South America during Luiz Inacio “Lula” da Silva’s government by discussing what kind of leadership the country was able to perform in the region
Role Expectations As Foreign Policy: South American Secondary Powers' Expectations of Brazil As A Regional Power
This article sets out how secondary powers in South America—that is, Argentina, Chile, and Venezuela—see Brazil as a regional power, as well as Brazil's strategy of using its regional powerhood to
Realism under Hegemony: Theorizing the Rise of Brazil
What light can international relations theory shed on how developing countries such as Brazil have achieved regional leadership and international influence? This comprehensive examination of
Drivers of Strategic Contestation in South America
The politics of contestation on the part of secondary regional powers such as Argentina, Chile, Colombia and Venezuela towards Brazil as the regional leader oscillate between competition and
Brazil in Regional and Global Governance:Foreign Policy, Leadership and UNASUR
This article examines the role of Brazil as a source of international governance innovation during the Lula da Silva and early Rousseff presidencies (2003-12). The analysis details some of Brazil’s
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 80 REFERENCES
Brazil as an intermediate state and regional power: action, choice and responsibilities
Since the early years of the twentieth century, Brazil's major foreign policy aspiration has been to achieve international recognition based upon the belief that it should assume its ‘natural’ role
Building a global southern coalition: the competing approaches of Brazil's Lula and Venezuela's Chávez
Abstract This paper will set out the two very different regional leadership strategies being pursued by Brazil and Venezuela, concluding that it is the Brazilian neo-structuralist vision that will
Presidentialization, Pluralization, and the Rollback of Itamaraty: Explaining Change in Brazilian Foreign Policy Making in the Cardoso-Lula Era
Since the 1990s Brazilian foreign policy has become increasingly central to Latin American integration, to South—South relations, and to global governance, especially under the leadership of
Brazil as a Regional Great Power: a Study in Ambivalence
The view of Brazil as a major regional power or as a regional great power has a long history and has been very widespread. The picture of Brazil as the most powerful state in South America recurs
THE BRICS COUNTRIES (BRAZIL, RUSSIA, INDIA, AND CHINA) AS ANALYTICAL CATEGORY: MIRAGE OR INSIGHT?
American hegemony has passed its peak. The twentyfirst century will see a more multipolar international system. Yet Western European countries may not be the United States’ main foils in upcoming
Brazil: To Be or Not to Be a BRIC?
Brazil will gain a place as a significant player in the multipolar international system taking shape since the end of the cold war simply on the basis of its economic size and material capabilities.
Consensual Hegemony: Theorizing Brazilian Foreign Policy after the Cold War
Conventional approaches to hegemony emphasize elements of coercion and exclusion, characteristics that do not adequately explain the operation of the growing number of regional projects or the style
Mercosur Turns 15: Between Rising Rhetoric and Declining Achievement
Founded in 1991 as an intergovernmental association among four member countries, Mercosur is likely to begin 2006 as intergovernmental and with the same members as when it was founded. Political
Emerging Middle Powers' Soft Balancing Strategy: State and Perspectives of the IBSA Dialogue Forum
How can weaker states influence stronger ones? This article offers a case study of one recent exercise in coalition building among Southern middle powers, the 'India, Brazil, South Africa (IBSA)
Without Sticks or Carrots: Brazilian Leadership in South America During the Cardoso Era, 1992–2003*
Throughout the Fernando Henrique Cardoso presidency Brazil actively pursued a South American leadership project. The distinctive and central feature of this policy was its attempt to operate without
...
...