A Large Fruit Pigeon (Columbidae) from the Early Miocene of New Zealand

  title={A Large Fruit Pigeon (Columbidae) from the Early Miocene of New Zealand},
  author={Trevor H. Worthy and Suzanne J. Hand and Jennifer P. Worthy and Alan James Drummond Tennyson and R. Paul Scofield},
ABSTRACT. We describe a new genus and species of pigeon (Columbiformes) from a single coracoid from the St Bathans Fauna of New Zealand (16–19 mya). It is the first columbid species described from pre-Pliocene deposits in Australasia. Two apomorphies identify the fossil as belonging to the ptilinopine group of fruit pigeons, among which it is most similar to Hemiphaga, the large fruit pigeon currently endemic to the New Zealand biogeographic area. This reveals that the Hemiphaga lineage has… 

A phabine pigeon (Aves:Columbidae) from Oligo-Miocene Australia

  • T. Worthy
  • Geography, Environmental Science
  • 2012
This, the first described fossil pigeon from pre-Quaternary deposits of Australia, demonstrates that phabine pigeons were present in the Late Oligocene to Early Miocene (c. 26–24 million years ago), supporting molecular-based hypotheses for the age of this clade and suggests that Australia has had a long role in columbid evolution.

Population structure and biogeography of Hemiphaga pigeons (Aves: Columbidae) on islands in the New Zealand region

The population structure and phylogeography of Hemiphaga across islands in the region is examined, finding that extinction at the population and species levels could yield the same pattern.

First record of Palaelodus (Aves: Phoenicopteriformes) from New Zealand. In Proceedings of the VII International Meeting of the Society of Avian Paleontology and Evolution, ed. W.E. Boles and T.H. Worthy

The first record of the flamingo-like Palaelodidae (Phoenicopteriformes) is reported from the Early Miocene, St Bathans Fauna of Central Otago, New Zealand. Two distal tibiotarsi are described as a

An Early Miocene Diversity of Parrots (Aves, Strigopidae, Nestorinae) from New Zealand

High degree of endemism strongly suggests that the Zealandian terrestrial biota persisted, at least in part, through the Oligocene highstand in sea level, adding to the growing body of evidence that the New Zealand terrestrial vertebrate fauna was highly endemic.

A new species of lapwing (Charadriidae: Vanellus) from the late Pliocene of central Australia

A new species of lapwing plover from the late Pliocene Kanunka Local Fauna of South Australia is described, based on an almost complete coracoid, which is most similar in morphology to that of the Masked Lapwing (Vanellus miles).

The Blue-headed Quail-Dove (Starnoenas cyanocephala): an Australasian dove marooned in Cuba

It is concluded that the Blue-headed Quail-Dove is completely unlike any other New World member of the Columbidae and should be placed in its own subfamily, Starnoenadinae, until its relationships with Australasian genera can be refined by additional data including molecular.

Biogeographical and Phylogenetic Implications of an Early Miocene Wren (Aves: Passeriformes: Acanthisittidae) from New Zealand

A phylogenetic analysis of 53 osteological characters and 24 terminal taxa recovers a similar pattern of relationships of basal corvoid taxa to that obtained by recent molecular studies, suggesting that the radiation of Recent acanthisittids originated no later than the Early Miocene.

Early Miocene fossil frogs (Anura: Leiopelmatidae) from New Zealand

The first pre-Quaternary anurans from New Zealand are reported from the Early Miocene (19–16 Ma) St Bathans Fauna based on 10 fossil bones, supporting the ancient dichotomy of the extant species based on molecular data.



A new species of Gallicolumba: Columbidae from Henderson Island, Pitcairn Group

Abstract A new species of ground dove in the genus Gallicolumba is described from abundant material from late Pleistocene to Holocene age deposits of natural and midden derivation on Henderson Island

Miocene waterfowl and other birds from central Otago, New Zealand

Synopsis Abundant fossil bird bones from the lower Bannockburn Formation, Manuherikia Group, an Early‐Middle Miocene lacustrine deposit, 16–19 Ma, from Otago in New Zealand, reveal the “St Bathans

A new species of the diving duck Manuherikia and evidence for geese (Aves: Anatidae: Anserinae) in the St Bathans Fauna (Early Miocene), New Zealand

A new species of the diving duck Manuherikia is described based on a humerus and several referred ulnae from the St Bathans Fauna, indicating the presence of the Cnemiornis lineage in New Zealand in the Early Miocene.

A giant flightless pigeon gen. et sp. nov. and a new species of Ducula (Aves: Columbidae), from Quaternary deposits in Fiji

A new genus and species are erected for a giant flightless pigeon described from post‐cranial fossil bones from four Quaternary sites on Viti Levu, Fiji, in the South Pacific Lack of cranial material


Oxyurine affinities are suggested for the Miocene fossils Mionetta, Dendrochen, Manuherikia and Dunstanetta, and the modern Biziura, Thalassornis, Oxyura, Nomonyx, Stictonetta and Malacorhynchus.

An extinct species of tooth‐billed pigeon (Didunculus) from the Kingdom of Tonga, and the concept of endemism in insular landbirds

The biogeographic implications of the new data on Didunculus are not unique; human activities have reduced or eliminated the natural range of nearly every genus and species group of Polynesian landbird.

Mitochondrial and Nuclear DNA Sequences Support a Cretaceous Origin of Columbiformes and a Dispersal-Driven Radiation in the Paleogene

Bayesian and maximum likelihood inferences of ancestral areas, accounting for phylogenetic uncertainty and divergence times, favor an ancient origin of Columbiformes in the Neotropical portion of what was then Gondwana.

Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences support a Cretaceous origin of Columbiformes and a dispersal-driven radiation in the Paleocene .

Bayesian and maximum likelihood inferences of ancestral areas, accounting for phylogenetic uncertainty and divergence times, favor an ancient origin of Columbiformes in the Neotropical portion of what was then Gondwana.

The Lost World of the Moa: Prehistoric Life of New Zealand

Preliminary Table of Contents - Introduction - The Land that Time Forgot The Early Record The Unveiling The Discovery of Moa Moa Anatomy and Evolution The Living Moa Kiwi Waterbirds of All Kinds The