A Ladder of Empowerment

  title={A Ladder of Empowerment},
  author={Elizabeth M. Rocha},
  journal={Journal of Planning Education and Research},
  pages={31 - 44}
Empowerment is often envisioned as a solution to poverty acceptable to both the political right and left. Yet the question that is rarely asked or answered is, What is empowerment? While the empowerment literature provides a rich array of techniques and goals through which individuals and groups seek to alter their circumstances, it is contradictory in assumptions and emphases and provides little coherence or structure with which to make informed decisions. This paper develops a typology, a… Expand
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It is argued that researchers and practitioners measuring this concept may benefit from making explicit their theory-, fact- and value-based assumptions about women’s empowerment before settling on a single primary measure for their particularly context, and alternative indicators can subsequently be used as sensitivity measures that not only measure sensitivity to assumptions about girls’ social reality, but also to investigators' own values. Expand
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  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Journal of health psychology
  • 2014
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Citizen empowerment: a developmental perspective.
  • C. Kieffer
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • Prevention in human services
  • 1983
A view of empowerment as a necessarily long-term process of adult learning and development is proposed, further described as the continuing construction of a multi-dimensional participatory competence. Expand
Vehicles for Empowerment
Abstract This paper considers organizations that empower by examining feminist movement groups. The contemporary feminist movement has generated a wide variety of organizations which provide socialExpand
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  • J. Rappaport
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • American journal of community psychology
  • 1987
The concept "prevention" is viewed as an exemplar, whereas the concept "empowerment" is suggested as a leading candidate for the title "phenomena of interest" to Community Psychology. Expand
In praise of paradox: A social policy of empowerment over prevention
  • J. Rappaport
  • Sociology, Medicine
  • American journal of community psychology
  • 1981
The thesis of this paper is that the most important and interesting aspects of community life are by their very nature paradoxical; and that our task as researchers, scholars, and professionalsExpand
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A role for human service professionals in creating and using social technologies to facilitate empowerment is illustrated and seven case studies are presented that represent seven frequently cited goals of empowerment efforts. Expand
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