A Japanese logographic character frequency list for cognitive science research

  title={A Japanese logographic character frequency list for cognitive science research},
  author={Nobuko Chikamatsu and Shochi Yokoyama and H Nozaki and Eric Long and Shinji Fukuda},
  journal={Behavior Research Methods, Instruments, \& Computers},
This paper describes a Japanese logographic character (kanji) frequency list, which is based on an analysis of the largest recently available corpus of Japanese words and characters. This corpus comprised a full year of morning and evening editions of a major newspaper, containing more than 23 million kanji characters and more than 4,000 different kanji characters. This paper lists the 3,000 most frequent kanji characters, as well as an analysis of kanji usage and correlations between the… 
Recognition of Japanese Phonographic Kana (Hiragana) and Logographic Kanji Characters by Passive Finger Tracing
The present study assessed the ability of normal Japanese adults to recognize kanji and hiragana characters through passive finger tracing without visual cues. We tested fifty-six right-handed
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: As computer-assisted language learning gains popularity, word processing is becoming standard in foreign language classrooms. However, for logographic languages, which have input processes
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This thesis attempts to answer the following two main research questions:1) In what order should learners of Japanese as a second language learn words and characters in order to be able to read
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This is the first study reporting abstract kana identity priming in Japanese kana, which was acquired relatively early in adult L2 learners and replicated prior findings from Roman abstract letter identities in the same participants.
A logistic regression model of variant preference in Japanese kanji: an integration of mere exposure effect and generalized matching law
A logistic regression model is proposed that efficiently describes preference behavior in Japanese kanji recognition, integrating the theoretical perspectives of mere exposure effect and the generalized matching law.
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The mixed-kana prime and hiragana prime produced priming effects that are indistinguishable, and both were reduced in size relative to the priming effect produced by the katakana identity prime.
Chinese, Japanese, and Korean Writing Systems: All East-Asian but Different Scripts
The three East-Asian scripts—Chinese (characters and Pinyin), Japanese (multi-scripts), and Korean (alphabetic Hangul)—are discussed. Under each script, a brief historical account of the given
Graphemes Sharing Phonetic Features Tend to Induce Similar Synesthetic Colors
It is shown that graphemes associated with the same phonetic feature tend to induce synesthetic color in both within- and cross-script analyses, and this tendency was consistent for graphemers that are not transliterable into each other as well as grapheme that are.
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The semantics of Japanese words were introduced to subjects who had no prior exposure to Japanese language and ERP analysis revealed that, even with a short learning cycle, the semantically matched and mis-matched end-words elicited different EEG patterns (similar to the native language case).


Lexical decomposition of complex Kanji characters in Japanese readers
SummaryThe study investigates the question whether during recognition of a complex Kanji character readers also access the meaning of opaque components of the character. The experiment used a speeded
The inconsistency of consistency effects in reading: the case of Japanese kanji phonology
It was concluded that for Kanji, phonology is dominantly computed at the word rather than at the character level.
The organization of the lexicon in Japanese: Single and compound kanji
A word written in Japanese kanji can be single (one kanji character) or compound (more than one character). We investigated the mental representation of single-kanji and two-kanji compound words by
Detection of Kanji words in a rapid serial visual presentation task.
  • T. Kikuchi
  • Psychology
    Journal of experimental psychology. Human perception and performance
  • 1996
Frequency of target localization indicated that participants familiar with Kanji had a greater tendency to report the word immediately preceding the target, suggesting that knowledge of Kanji influences the integration of color and form codes in visual information processing.
[Do phonological and semantic processings of Kanji finish at the same time?].
  • J. Wang
  • Linguistics, Psychology
    Shinrigaku kenkyu : The Japanese journal of psychology
  • 1988
Two experiments were designed based on Neisser's visual searching paradigm to compare visual, phonological and semantic processing times of two-character compound Kanji, the Japanese logographic script, and indicated that visual processing is quickest, and phonologicaland semantic processing finish at the same time.
The role of syllabic and orthographic properties of letter cues in solving word fragments
Findings from the present research are interpreted as support for models of lexical representation that are based on orthographic properties rather than those based on phonological constraints.
Phonologically mediated access to meaning for Kanji: Is a rows still a rose in Japanese Kanji?
It is generally assumed that access to phonology for words written in logographic Japanese Kanji must be mediated by access to their meaning. This proposal was examined in a semantic categorization
Kanji words are easier to identify than katakana words
It was found that identifiability is far higher for kanji words than for katakana words, even though the former are visually more complex than the latter, but the superiority of kanji completely disappeared in a nonword context, suggesting that it is not visual perceptibility that enhances identifiable of kanjin words, but something else, perhaps inferability.
Reading kanji without semantics: Evidence from a longitudinal study of dementia
Abstract The effects of the degenerative disease process on patterns of oral reading and reading comprehension of Japanese kanji words were investigated longitudinally in 3 demented patients, based