A History of Grafting

@inproceedings{Mudge2009AHO,
  title={A History of Grafting},
  author={Kenneth W. Mudge and Jules Janick and Steven R. Scofield and Eliezer E. Goldschmidt},
  year={2009}
}
• Describe the role of grafting in human history. • Distinguish between the use of seedling and clonal rootstocks. • Describe how natural grafting can affect tree performance. • Describe how the rootstock and scion heal together during grafting. • Define how specific genetic, environmental, and management factors and polarity affect graft success. • Determine what kinds of plants can be grafted. • Define graft incompatibility— its symptoms, causes, and control. • Describe important ways the… Expand
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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Survival of side grafts with scions from pure species Pinus engelmannii Carr. and the P. engelmannii × P. arizonica Engelm. var. arizonica hybrid
TLDR
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Mechanisms Underlying Graft Compatibility
Grafting has been used for millennia to increase uniformity, vigour and resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses (e.g. low soil temperature, drought, salinity and flooding) of vegetativelyExpand
Merging genotypes: graft union formation and scion–rootstock interactions
TLDR
An overview of what is known about grafting and the mechanisms underlying rootstock-scion interactions is provided and recent studies that have advanced understanding of graft union formation are highlighted and subjects that require further development are outlined. Expand
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It is suggested that in some instances grafted trees may behave as parts of an organic union, rather than as individuals in competition with each other, and their ecological implications are not limited to white pine. Expand
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The author briefly reviews some of the more recent research findings dealing with graft success and failure and discusses three areas of research that have heretofore not been adequately studied: wound compartmentalization, girdling, and lignification. Expand
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Graft hybridization is a type of asexual hybridization in which heritable changes may be induced by grafting, and provides striking evidence in favor of Darwin's notions about Pangenesis. Expand
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The role of root grafting as an avenue of transmission of tree pathogens has been speculated upon only in comparatively recent times, with a very clear message identifying high density, monoculture systems of tree production as being very conducive to the extreme intensifi­ cation of losses due to attack by certain pathogens. Expand
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Techniques developed in this study demonstrate that cultivar conversion of > 75% is possible and survival was higher for grafts treated with IBA than those without IBA. Expand
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The mechanisms of chromatin transfer from the stock dying cells through the vascular system across the graft-union to the growing point(s) of the scion, and how that process causes transformation in the fast dividing scion flower primordia are discussed. Expand
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