A Historical Review of Heart Failure

  title={A Historical Review of Heart Failure},
  author={James A. Nolan},
  journal={Scottish Medical Journal},
  pages={53 - 57}
  • J. Nolan
  • Published 1 April 1993
  • Medicine
  • Scottish Medical Journal
The Egyptians (4000BC 2000BC) The first recognisable humans appeared around 50,000 years ago. Study of fossils and bones show that these primitive humans suffered a wide variety of infections, tumours, and degenerative diseases, but we know little about disease of the heart during this period. The first communities capable of social organisations, art and crafts and written communication emerged about 4000 years ago in the Middle East, China, South America and India. The Egyptian and Babylonian… 
2 Citations

Síndrome cardio-renal-anemia en la insuficiencia cardíaca sistólica

In view of the high prevalence of concomitant RF and anemia in patients with heart failure, exploration and early diagnosis of them is essential.



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