A Guide to Galago Diversity: Getting a Grip on How Best to Chew Gum

@inproceedings{Stephenson2010AGT,
  title={A Guide to Galago Diversity: Getting a Grip on How Best to Chew Gum},
  author={Isobel R. Stephenson and Simon Kenneth Bearder and G. Donati and Johan Karlsson},
  year={2010}
}
Disputes over galago taxonomy have meant that studies often use ­different names for identical populations, making comparative analysis difficult for the untrained researcher. A main objective of this study was to assess whether hand and foot pad morphology, nail shape and toothscraper structure reveal adaptations to exudate eating and show differences which reflect taxonomy in order to identify species. A total of 714 museum specimens were examined between May and July 2007, revealing six pads… 
An investigation of ecological correlates with hand and foot morphology in callitrichid primates.
TLDR
Comparisons of limb proportion and frictional features of the volar surfaces in preserved specimens of 25 callitrichid primates suggest that ridges on the soles and palms may facilitate food procurement by enhancing frictional grip during exudate feeding, and volar pad features corroborate taxonomic relationships described from dental morphology.
Searching for Dental Signals of Exudativory in Galagos
TLDR
Dental morphometrics of galagos are assessed in an effort to search for a more complete dental signal of exudate-feeding in this group of marmosets and it is clear that other teeth, especially in combination, may provide a dental signal to exudates feeding in galagos.
Dental Signatures for Exudativory in Living Primates, with Comparisons to Other Gouging Mammals
TLDR
It is suggested that reduction of mastication, and, therefore, M3 dimensions are a likely dental signature for exudativory in Primates.
Gummivory in Cheirogaleids: Primitive Retention or Adaptation to Hypervariable Environments?
TLDR
A long-term field study of the reddish-grey mouse lemur, Microcebus griseorufus, in the highly variable xerophytic forest of southern Madagascar reveals this species to be the most specialized gummivore of all known mouse lemurs and a comparison of the nutritional composition of gums and fruits consumed shows these two food types to be of equivalent nutritive content.
Spatial and temporal ecological diversity amongst Eocene primates of France: evidence from teeth.
TLDR
Diets of fossil taxa are assessed here by dental microwear analysis using a comparative database of 11 species of living strepsirhines to reveal the dietary range of this small-bodied omomyiform which seems to vary between insects and a much softer diet.
Postcranial indicators of primate sexual dimorphism: implications for reconstructing fossil hominin sexual dimorphism and hominin palaeoecology
TLDR
The sustained accuracy of sex estimation through the best skeletal metric discriminators makes discriminant function analysis a practicable method of classifying sex for fossil hominin specimens.

References

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TLDR
Comparative studies of volar hand pad morphology provide a novel approach to the re-assessment of galago taxonomy, and may be applicable also in taxonomic studies of other prosimian groups.
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TLDR
It is found few consistent morphological patterns linking skull form and the generation of high forces during gouging and scraping are found, however, there is some tendency for gougers and scrapers to show increased load resistance capabilities in their mandibles.
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