A Guide to Conducting Consensual Qualitative Research

  title={A Guide to Conducting Consensual Qualitative Research},
  author={Clara E. Hill and Barbara Jean Thompson and Elizabeth Nutt Williams},
  journal={The Counseling Psychologist},
  pages={517 - 572}
The authors discuss the components of consensual qualitative research (CQR) using open-ended questions to gather data, using words to describe phenomena, studying a few cases intensively, recognizing the importance of context, using an inductive analytic process, using a team and making decisions by consensus, using auditors, and verifying results by systematically checking against the raw data. The three steps for conducting CQR are developing and coding domains, constructing core ideas, and… 

Consensual Qualitative Research: An Update

The authors concluded that CQR is a viable qualitative method and suggest several ideas for research on the method itself and made recommendations for modifications of the method.

Achieving trustworthiness in qualitative research: A pan-paradigmatic perspective

The authors present examples from various qualitative studies, emphasize the need for a shared language to reduce confusion between qualitative traditions and with researchers from a more strictly quantitative orientation, and recommend particular approaches to establishing trustworthiness in qualitative research.

Guidelines for Establishing Reliability When Coding Narrative Data

Best practices for coding and establishing reliability when working with narrative data are reviewed, highlighting how establishing reliability must be seen as an evolving process, rather than simply a focus on the end product.

Conceptual Mapping Task: An Effective Verification Tool for Qualitative Counseling Research

Abstract This article introduces the conceptual mapping task (CMT) as a semi-structured interviewing procedure that includes four distinct, in vivo member-checking features. An interview protocol is

Online Dynamic Asynchronous Audit Strategy For Reflexivity in the Qualitative Paradigm

Qualitative research is based on the nature of ill-conceived problems: there is an open-endedness to the field of study (Kleinsasser, 2000). Since qualitative research focuses on interpretation and

Quality and trustworthiness in qualitative research in counseling psychology.

This article examines concepts of the trustworthiness, or credibility, of qualitative research. Following a “researcher-as-instrument,” or self-reflective, statement, the paradigmatic underpinnings

Principles and practices: An empirical examination of qualitative research in the Journal of Counseling Psychology.

This article examines the 50 qualitative studies published in the Journal of Counseling Psychology (JCP) over a 15-year period in light of methodological principles advocated by qualitative

Consensual Qualitative Research (CQR): Methods for Conducting Psychotherapy Research

In this chapter, I describe the background and methods used in consensual qualitative research (CQR). Specifically, I describe the original CQR method used in interviews (CQR-I). Then I describe

Validation in Qualitative Research: General Aspects and Specificities of the Descriptive Phenomenological Method

The criteria for the validation of qualitative research are still open to discussion. This article has two aims: first, to present a summary of concepts, emerging from the field of qualitative

Theoretical Data Collection and Data Analysis with Gerunds in a Constructivist Grounded Theory Study

1. IntroductionA constructivist grounded theory (Charmaz, 2014) study into the experiences of coached executives was conducted to develop theory about the coaching process from the perspectives of



A Grounded Theory of Thesis Blocking

Interviews were conducted with 10 individuals who had great difficulty in completing a thesis, and with 6 students who had relatively little difficulty. A hierarchical structure of categories

Qualitative Data as an Attractive Nuisance: The Problem of Analysis.

December 1979, volume 24 The legal doctrine of an "attractive nuisance" is simply illustrated by what happens if you abandon a car in your back yard: if neighboring children come eagerly to play in

Persistence, Connection, and Passion: A Qualitative Study of the Career Development of Highly Achieving African American-Black and White Women.

This article describes a qualitative study of the career development of 18 prominent, highly achieving African American-Black and White women in the United States across 8 occupational fields.


Statistically designed sample surveys have enabled pollsters to gauge public opinion on a wide range of issues. In such surveys, selection of a data collection technique is generally based on four

Reasons Therapists Give for Refusing to Participate in Psychotherapy Process Research.

The purpose of this study was to investigate the reasons why a majority of practitioners refused to participate in a field-based psychotherapy process research project and to learn from them what

Qualitative Research Traditions: A Review

This article illustrates how various qualitative traditions could be used in educational research by describing and comparing the traditions of ecological psychology, holistic ethnography, cognitive

Qualitative Research: A Viable Psychological Alternative

Serious consideration is given to the possibility that the traditional quantitative research orientation in psychology can no longer be considered the panacea that it was once believed to be. It is

Therapist Retrospective Recall of Impasses in Long-Term Psychotherapy: A Qualitative Analysis

Twelve experienced therapists completed a questionnaire, and 8 of the 12 were then interviewed, about their experiences with a therapeutic impasse that ended in the termination of therapy. Data were

A qualitative analysis of client perceptions of the effects of helpful therapist self-disclosure in long-term therapy.

Thirteen adult psychotherapy clients currently in long-term therapy were interviewed twice, with semistructured protocols, about their experiences with helpful instances of therapist self-disclosure.