A Global Perspective on Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use Among People Living with HIV/AIDS in the Era of Antiretroviral Treatment

@article{Littlewood2011AGP,
  title={A Global Perspective on Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use Among People Living with HIV/AIDS in the Era of Antiretroviral Treatment},
  author={Rae A. Littlewood and Peter A. Vanable},
  journal={Current HIV/AIDS Reports},
  year={2011},
  volume={8},
  pages={257-268}
}
Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) is a popular adjunct to conventional medicine across medical populations, and is particularly relevant in the global HIV epidemic. Use of antiretroviral therapy (ART) to treat HIV is ubiquitous in high-resource areas and efforts to increase coverage in low-resource areas are underway. To better understand the role of CAM in HIV treatment and the implications of CAM use for ART uptake and adherence, we review international research published between… 

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A review of the use of complementary and alternative medicine and HIV: issues for patient care.
TLDR
Vitamins, herbs, and supplements were most common, followed by prayer, meditation, and spiritual approaches, and CAM was used as a self-management approach, providing PLWHA with an active role in their healthcare and sense of control.
The relationship between CAM use and adherence to antiretroviral therapies among persons living with HIV.
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  • Medicine, Psychology
    Health psychology : official journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
  • 2014
TLDR
Findings suggest that PLWHA use CAM as an adjunct to ART and that CAM use does not undermine ART adherence, and that patients who engaged in more CAM tended to report fewer skipped doses and fewer nonprescribed adjustments to their medication regimen in the past month.
Concurrent use of traditional medicine and ART: Perspectives of patients, providers and traditional healers in Durban, South Africa
The concurrent use of traditional African medicine (TAM) and allopathic medicine is not well understood for people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the era of antiretroviral therapy (ART). This
A binational comparison of HIV provider attitudes towards the use of complementary and alternative medicine among HIV-positive Latino patients receiving care in the US–Mexico border region
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This binational study conducted in-depth, qualitative interviews in Tijuana and San Diego to understand US and Mexican provider beliefs, and perceptions surrounding CAM use among Latino patients, and to learn if and how CAM communication occurs.
Prevalence and Characteristics of CAM Use among People Living with HIV and AIDS in Lebanon: Implications for Patient Care
TLDR
The need to educate health care practitioners to have an open communication and a patient-centered approach discussing CAM use during routine care and to enhance awareness of PLWHA on safe use of CAM is highlighted.
Persons living with HIV infection on antiretroviral therapy also consulting traditional healers: a study in three African countries
TLDR
It was found that 260 (5.8%) of the 4451 patients enrolled in the study had consulted a traditional healer during the last three months because of HIV, and patients with fewer HIV symptoms, those who had been on ART for >5.3 years and those from Tanzania were more likely to have consulted aTraditional healer.
Traditional, complementary, and alternative medical cures for HIV: rationale and implications for HIV cure research
TLDR
The main factors influencing people's decision to choose TCAM to cure HIV are reviewed and implications for HIV cure research are discussed.
Prevalence and Factors Associated with the Use of Traditional Medicines among Human Immunodeficiency Virus and Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome Patients in Sokoto, Nigeria
TLDR
Although the use of TM among the study participants in Sokoto was low, there is need to educate PLWHAs about the possible risks of interactions following the concurrent use ofTM and ART.
Drug interactions in HIV treatment: complementary & alternative medicines and over-the-counter products
TLDR
This article provides an updated review of the different mechanisms by which CAM and OTC products are implicated inDDIs with ARV medications, and elucidation of the role of non-CYP450 mediated DDIs withARV medications is greatly increasing.
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