A Global Map of Human Impact on Marine Ecosystems

  title={A Global Map of Human Impact on Marine Ecosystems},
  author={B. Halpern and S. Walbridge and Kimberly A Selkoe and C. Kappel and F. Micheli and C. D'Agrosa and J. Bruno and K. S. Casey and C. Ebert and Helen E. Fox and R. Fujita and D. Heinemann and H. Lenihan and E. Madin and M. Perry and Elizabeth R. Selig and M. Spalding and R. Steneck and R. Watson},
  pages={948 - 952}
  • B. Halpern, S. Walbridge, +16 authors R. Watson
  • Published 2008
  • Medicine, Environmental Science
  • Science
  • The management and conservation of the world's oceans require synthesis of spatial data on the distribution and intensity of human activities and the overlap of their impacts on marine ecosystems. We developed an ecosystem-specific, multiscale spatial model to synthesize 17 global data sets of anthropogenic drivers of ecological change for 20 marine ecosystems. Our analysis indicates that no area is unaffected by human influence and that a large fraction (41%) is strongly affected by multiple… CONTINUE READING
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