A Global Evaluation of Coral Reef Management Performance: Are MPAs Producing Conservation and Socio-Economic Improvements?

  title={A Global Evaluation of Coral Reef Management Performance: Are MPAs Producing Conservation and Socio-Economic Improvements?},
  author={Venetia Alexa Hargreaves-Allen and Susana Mourato and Eleanor Jane Milner‐Gulland},
  journal={Environmental Management},
There is a consensus that Marine Protected Area (MPA) performance needs regular evaluation against clear criteria, incorporating counterfactual comparisons of ecological and socio-economic performance. However, these evaluations are scarce at the global level. We compiled self-reports from managers and researchers of 78 coral reef-based MPAs world-wide, on the conservation and welfare improvements that their MPAs provide. We developed a suite of performance measures including fulfilment of… 

Drivers of coral reef marine protected area performance

The study suggests that managers are able to influence MPA performance in spite of external threats and could inform adaptive management by providing an approach to test for the effects of MPA features and management actions in different contexts and so to inform decisions for allocation of effort or funds to achieve specific goals.

How Are Our MPAs Doing? Challenges in Assessing Global Patterns in Marine Protected Area Performance

Without effective management, protected areas are unlikely to achieve the high expectations the conservation and development sectors have for them: conserving biodiversity and alleviating poverty.

From outcomes to inputs: What is required to achieve the ecological and socioeconomic potential of marine protected areas?

Marine protected areas (MPAs) are one tool that has been shown to be effective for achieving marine conservation objectives. MPAs might also result in beneficial social and economic outcomes for

Integrating impact evaluation in the design and implementation of monitoring marine protected areas

  • G. AhmadiaLouise Glew H. Fox
  • Environmental Science
    Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
  • 2015
This study describes the integration of impact evaluation within an MPA network monitoring programme in the Bird's Head Seascape, Indonesia and highlights the challenges of implementation ‘on the ground’ and in marine ecosystems.

Investigating the biological and socio-economic impacts of marine protected area network design in Europe

Marine ecosystems are under increasing pressure from a diverse range of threats. Many national governments have responded to these threats by establishing marine protected area (MPA) networks. One

Marine protected area governance and effectiveness across networks

Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) exhibit enormous variety of size, location and management. They include long-term, traditional management systems that are now being incorporated into national protected



A Method for Evaluating Marine Protected Area Management

An assumption underlying the growing support for marine protected areas (MPAs) is that they meet conservation goals and provide economic benefits to fisheries and ecotourism. However, support for

A Global Analysis of the Effectiveness of Marine Protected Areas in Preventing Coral Loss

It is found that on average, coral cover within MPAs remained constant, while coral cover on unprotected reefs declined, which suggests that MPAs can be a useful tool not only for fisheries management, but also for maintaining coral cover.

Designing indicators for assessing the effects of marine protected areas on coral reef ecosystems: A multidisciplinary standpoint

The present paper aims at identifying and assessing indicators of the effects of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) in coral reef regions, based on a bibliography review in ecology, economics and social

Marine Protected Areas as Biological Successes and Social Failures in Southeast Asia

Marine protected areas (MPAs) are of growing interest globally. They are principally studied from a biological perspective, with some cases documenting improved environmental conditions and increased

Marine Protected Areas in the Eastern African Region: How Successful Are They?

The results of the analysis are promising for MPAs, however a lack of data is hampering a deeper analysis and a number of recommendations are made, aiming to strengthen the establishment and management of MPAs in the eastern African region.

Effectiveness of Marine Protected Areas in the Philippines for Biodiversity Conservation

It is found that the current extent and distribution of MPAs does not adequately represent biodiversity, and it is recommended that implementation of community-based MPAs be supplemented by designation of additional large no-take areas specifically located to address conservation targets.

The Human Dimension of Coral Reef Marine Protected Areas: Recent Social Science Research and Its Policy Implications

Coral reefs provide ecosystem goods and services to millions of people around the world (Cesar et al. 1997; Costanza et al. 1997). The long-term sustainability of these ecosystem benefits is