A General Theory of Organizational Stigma

@inproceedings{Devers2009AGT,
  title={A General Theory of Organizational Stigma},
  author={Cynthia E. Devers and Todd Dewett and Yuri Mishina and Carrie A. Belsito},
  booktitle={Organ. Sci.},
  year={2009}
}
In recent years, the term stigma has been widely applied to organizations. However, scholars have yet to advance a theoretically consistent definition or comprehensive theory of organizational stigma. The purpose of this paper is to define the construct of organizational stigma and provide a general theory that explains the conditions under which organizational stigmas are likely to arise, how this process unfolds, and the initial effects stigmas inflict on organizations. In doing so, we… Expand

Topics from this paper

Organizational Stigmas: Where Now?
The work on stigmatization and the individual in the work environment started with Goffman’s treatise in 1963 as several of his examples encompassed the work environment. However, the application ofExpand
Stigma and Reputation: Exploring the Lingering Effects of Organizational Stigma
Stigmas have been widely used to describe organizations and individuals that have negative reputations or that have engaged in illegitimate practices. Extensive research has been done on the effectsExpand
Organizational Stigma: Sources and Outcomes
Organizational stigma is a useful adaptation of the concept of social stigma, which can be used to understand why some organizations are saddled with the image of being socially unsavory orExpand
Introduction: A Dialog on Stigma Versus Legitimacy, and How They Relate to Organizations and Their Actors
Recently, stigma research has reached an important threshold in management literature. With an increasing number of publications on the topic of stigma and related social evaluations, researchers runExpand
Introducing a Spectrum of Moral Evaluation: Integrating Organizational Stigmatization and Moral Legitimacy
Audiences frequently change how they evaluate organizations, and these judgments often have a moral basis. For example, audiences may shift their evaluation from stigmatization to legitimacy or viceExpand
A typology of stigma within organizations: Access and treatment effects
Stigmatization is a process by which certain individuals are devalued and alienated from specific types of social interactions, because they are perceived to possess a negatively valencedExpand
Let’s Not “Taint” Stigma Research With Legitimacy, Please
We propose that stigma and legitimacy are distinct constructs. Drawing from extant research, empirical observations, and the theoretical assumptions of both constructs we assert that, in spite ofExpand
Normal Deviants and Erving Goffman: Extending the Literature on Organizational Stigma
The paper highlights two problematic tendencies in the burgeoning literature on organizational stigma. The first tendency is conceptual, where stigma is treated at the organizational level, therebyExpand
Whips, Chains, and Books on Campus: How Emergent Organizations With Core Stigma Gain Official Recognition
This article explores how emergent organizations with core stigma manage stigma, and work toward official recognition. The qualitative research design used organizational constitutions, listservExpand
Categorical Stigma and Firm Disengagement: Nuclear Power Generation in the United States, 1970-2000
TLDR
This paper draws on the categorization, stigma, and identity literatures in building a theory to predict whether firms that are involved in stigmatized activities will choose to reduce or terminate their involvement in them, as opposed to resorts to less drastic measures such as defensive practice adoption or impression management techniques. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 209 REFERENCES
FALLING OUT OF FAVOR: ILLEGITIMACY, SOCIAL CONTROL, AND THE PROCESS OF ORGANIZATIONAL STIGMATIZATION.
Drawing on individual- and organizational-level research, we define the construct of organizational stigma. We then integrate stigma theory with the organizational image, reputation, perceptionExpand
A General Theory of Organizational Stigma
In recent years, the term stigma has been widely applied to organizations. However, scholars have yet to advance a theoretically consistent definition or comprehensive theory of organizational stig...
The social psychology of stigma.
TLDR
This chapter addresses the psychological effects of social stigma by reviewing and organizing recent theory and empirical research within an identity threat model of stigma, which posits that situational cues, collective representations of one's stigma status, and personal beliefs and motives shape appraisals of the significance of stigma-relevant situations for well-being. Expand
The Stigmatization and Devaluation of Elites Associated with Corporate Failures: A Process Model
We develop a model to explain the process by which corporate failure leads to professional devaluation of individual elites. We envision that corporate failure evokes a stigmatization process, inExpand
Acquiring Organizational Legitimacy Through Illegitimate Actions: A Marriage of Institutional and Impression Management Theories
This article links institutional and impression management perspectives in a process model of how controversial and possibly unlawful actions of members of organizations can lead to endorsement andExpand
Social identity theory and the organization
It is argued that (a) social identification is a perception of oneness with a group of persons; (b) social identification stems from the categorization of individuals, the distinctiveness andExpand
21 Coping with Stigma : Challenges and Opportunities
This final section considers what can be done to cope with stigma. Kunreuther and Slovic identify four strategies for coping with stigma. Walker, in a response to Kunreuther and Slovic, questions theExpand
Evolutionary origins of stigmatization: the functions of social exclusion.
TLDR
The authors propose that phenomena currently placed under the general rubric of stigma involve a set of distinct psychological systems designed by natural selection to solve specific problems associated with sociality. Expand
Social stigma and self-esteem: The self-protective properties of stigma.
Although several psychological theories predict that members of stigmatized groups should have low global self-esteem, empirical research typically does not support this prediction. It is proposedExpand
A Stakeholder Approach to Organizational Identity
We develop a model of organizational identity construction that reframes organizational identity within the broader context of manager-stakeholder relationships and more effectively integrates theoryExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...