A Five-Year Follow-Up Study of Swedish Adults with Gender Identity Disorder

  title={A Five-Year Follow-Up Study of Swedish Adults with Gender Identity Disorder},
  author={Annika Johansson and Elisabet Sundbom and Torvald H{\"o}jerback and Owe Bodlund},
  journal={Archives of Sexual Behavior},
This follow-up study evaluated the outcome of sex reassignment as viewed by both clinicians and patients, with an additional focus on the outcome based on sex and subgroups. Of a total of 60 patients approved for sex reassignment, 42 (25 male-to-female [MF] and 17 female-to-male [FM]) transsexuals completed a follow-up assessment after 5 or more years in the process or 2 or more years after completed sex reassignment surgery. Twenty-six (62%) patients had an early onset and 16 (38%) patients… 

Long-Term Follow-Up of Transsexual Persons Undergoing Sex Reassignment Surgery: Cohort Study in Sweden

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Transgender Transitioning and Change of Self-Reported Sexual Orientation

Qualitative reports suggest that the individual's biography, autogynephilic and autoandrophilic sexual arousal, confusion before and after transitioning, social and self-acceptance, as well as concept of sexual orientation itself may explain this phenomenon.

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OA has a discriminative value for transsexual developments and it would appear that retrospective diagnosis of GIDC criteria is a valid method of assessment.

Satisfaction with male-to-female gender reassignment surgery.

The very high rates of subjective satisfaction and the surgical outcomes indicate that gender reassignment surgery is beneficial, however, these findings must be interpreted with caution, because fewer than half of the questionnaires were returned.

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Measures of Clinical Health among Female-to-Male Transgender Persons as a Function of Sexual Orientation

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Sexual Behavior of Gender-Dysphoric Individuals Before Gender-Confirming Interventions: A European Multicenter Study

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Ninetten transsexuals, approved for sex reassignment, were followed-up after 5 years and female transsexuals had a slightly better outcome, especially concerning establishing and maintaining partnerships and improvement in socioeconomic status compared to male transsexuals.

Sex reassignment: outcomes and predictors of treatment for adolescent and adult transsexuals.

The results substantiate previous conclusions that sex reassignment is effective and clinicians need to be alert for non-homosexual male-to-females with unfavourable psychological functioning and physical appearance and inconsistent gender dysphoria reports, as these are risk factors for dropping out and poor post-operative results.

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Surgical Treatment of Gender Dysphoria in Adults and Adolescents: Recent Developments, Effectiveness, and Challenges

It is concluded that SRS is an effective treatment for transsexualism and the only treatment that has been evaluated empirically with large clinical case series with special attention to the effects of SRS on gender dysphoria, sexuality, and regret.

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Transgenderism and Intersexuality in Childhood and Adolescence: Making Choices

Series Editor's Introduction - Alan E. Kazdin Preface Acknowledgments List of Abbreviations 1. Typical Sexual Differentiation General Terminology Sexual Differentiation Development of Gender Identity

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Although sex reassignment surgery (SRS) is an effective treatment method with largely successful results, clinicians occasionally come across persons who regret their decision to undergo SRS. This

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